OFAC has added the following person:
BODEAU, Gary, 11 Rue Doucet, Delmas 83, Port Au Prince HT6120, Haiti; DOB 18 Nov 1977; POB Port Au Prince, Haiti; nationality Haiti; Gender Male; Passport PP5201306 (Haiti) issued 03 Apr 2019 expires 02 Apr 2029; National ID No. 0038132991 (Haiti) (individual) [GLOMAG].
to its Global Magnitsky (GLOMAG) sanctions program (in this case, for corruption), and the following entity:
GENESIS MARKET (a.k.a. "GENESIS MARKETPLACE"; a.k.a. "GENESIS STORE"), Russia; Website genesis.market; alt. Website G3n3sis.org; alt. Website genesis7zoveavupiiwnrycmaq6uro3kn5h2be3el7wdnbjti2ln2wid.onion; alt. Website g3n3sis.pro; Secondary sanctions risk: Ukraine-/Russia-Related Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR 589.201; Organization Established Date 01 Mar 2018 [CYBER2].
to its Cyber-related program.
And Treasury issued a press release about the Bodeau designation:
Treasury Sanctions Former President of Haiti’s Chamber of Deputies
April 5, 2023
WASHINGTON — Today, the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned the former President of the Haitian Chamber of Deputies Gary Bodeau (Bodeau), pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13818, for his extensive involvement in corruption in Haiti. E.O. 13818 builds upon and implements the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act and targets perpetrators of serious human rights abuse and corruption around the world.
“Corrupt officials like Bodeau have created an environment that empowers illegal armed gangs and their supporters to inflict violence on the Haitian people,” said Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Brian E. Nelson. “Along with our partners, including Canada, we are committed to holding accountable those undermining the integrity of Haiti’s government and destabilizing the country.”
Today’s action follows a December action in which OFAC designated two Haitian politicians, Rony Celestin and Richard Fourcand, for abusing their power to further drug trafficking activities in the region. Bodeau has also been sanctioned by Canada. Treasury will continue to take action to hold to account individuals who are responsible for instability in Haiti.
OFAC is designating Bodeau pursuant to E.O. 13818 for being a foreign person who is a current or former government official, or a person acting for or on behalf of such an official, who is responsible for or complicit in, or has directly or indirectly engaged in, corruption, including the misappropriation of state assets, the expropriation of private assets for personal gain, corruption related to government contracts or the extraction of natural resources, or bribery.
Bodeau was involved in several corrupt schemes wherein he engaged in efforts to influence the outcome of Haitian political appointments, including facilitating and soliciting bribes worth millions of dollars. In 2018, Bodeau paid Haitian officials to secure their votes while seeking ministerial position appointments. He also solicited a large bribery payment worth hundreds of thousands of dollars from senior government officials in exchange for his political support.
In 2019, Bodeau offered to deliver a successful vote in Haiti’s Chamber of Deputies for a prospective ministerial appointee in exchange for millions of dollars paid out through individual payments to members of the Chamber of Deputies. Several Haitian businessmen provided between 500 and 600 million Haitian gourdes (approximately $6.2-$7.4 million) to members of the Chamber of Deputies to influence the outcome of a ministerial vote. In advance of the floor session, Bodeau participated in discussions on the vote and payments with various members of the Chamber of Deputies.
As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of the person named above that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons are blocked and must be reported to OFAC. In addition, any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly, individually or in the aggregate, 50 percent or more by one or more blocked persons are also blocked. Unless authorized by a general or specific license issued by OFAC, or exempt, OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all transactions by U.S. persons or within (or transiting) the United States that involve any property or interests in property of designated or otherwise blocked persons.
In addition, financial institutions and other persons that engage in certain transactions or activities with the sanctioned entities and individuals may expose themselves to sanctions or be subject to an enforcement action. The prohibitions include the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any designated person, or the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.
Building upon the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act, E.O. 13818 was issued on December 20, 2017, in recognition that the prevalence of human rights abuse and corruption that have their source, in whole or in substantial part, outside the United States, had reached such scope and gravity as to threaten the stability of international political and economic systems. Human rights abuse and corruption undermine the values that form an essential foundation of stable, secure, and functioning societies; have devastating impacts on individuals; weaken democratic institutions; degrade the rule of law; perpetuate violent conflicts; facilitate the activities of dangerous persons; and undermine economic markets. The United States seeks to impose tangible and significant consequences on those who commit serious human rights abuse or engage in corruption, as well as to protect the financial system of the United States from abuse by these same persons.
The power and integrity of OFAC sanctions derive not only from OFAC’s ability to designate and add persons to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN) List, but also from its willingness to remove persons from the SDN List consistent with the law. The ultimate goal of sanctions is not to punish, but to bring about a positive change in behavior. For information concerning the process for seeking removal from an OFAC list, including the SDN List, please refer to OFAC’s Frequently Asked Question 897 here. For detailed information on the process to submit a request for removal from an OFAC sanctions list, please click here.U.S. Treasury Department Press Release
and one about the Genesis Market designation:
Treasury Sanctions Illicit Marketplace Genesis Market
April 5, 2023
United States and international partners disrupt darknet marketplace selling stolen credentials to cybercriminals
WASHINGTON — Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) took action to designate Genesis Market, one of the world’s largest illicit marketplaces, for its part in the theft and sale of device credentials and related sensitive information. Genesis Market gains unauthorized access to victim devices and offers stolen data, including usernames and passwords, for sale. This action was coordinated with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and international partners from a dozen countries, who are taking law enforcement actions against Genesis Market users across multiple jurisdictions and seizing the website domains associated with Genesis Market.
“The United States, along with our international partners, will not allow illicit marketplaces to operate with impunity,” said Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Brian E. Nelson. “Treasury will continue to work closely with our law enforcement colleagues to disrupt this activity and hold malign cyber actors accountable.”
Treasury has long recognized the illicit finance risks associated with darknet markets, and today’s sanctions designation builds upon previous actions against darknet marketplaces, such as the designation of Hydra Market, which OFAC designated on April 5, 2022. In addition, Treasury’s 2022 National Money Laundering Risk Assessment identified that darknet markets provide an opportunity for criminals to profit from unauthorized access to victim computers by selling stolen data to other criminals for further exploitation. Furthermore, FinCEN’s “Advisory on Illicit Activity Involving Convertible Virtual Currency” warns that darknet markets frequently include offers for the sale of illicit goods and services that use virtual currencies as a method of payment.
GENESIS MARKET: A KEY RESOURCE FOR CYBERCRIMINALS
Genesis Market operates a criminal marketplace and is believed to be located in Russia. It has both a clearnet (traditional internet) and a darknet presence and is one of the most prominent brokers of stolen credentials and other sensitive information. Genesis Market identifies victim computer systems and gains unauthorized access to them, selling this access to cybercriminals for further exploitation. Its website compiles stolen victim data—including computer and mobile device identifiers, email addresses, usernames, passwords, and other credentials—from malware-infected systems around the globe and packages it for sale. As of February 1, 2023, there were approximately 460,000 packages listed for sale on Genesis Market, each of which represents a single, compromised victim computer or device. These packages contain stolen passwords and personal information for a variety of online accounts, including email, social media, and video streaming platforms, among others.
Genesis Market sells stolen credentials from leading U.S. and international companies and facilitates cybercrimes against them. In June 2021, a U.S. company was breached by hackers who stole sensitive data, including a software engine and source code. The hackers were able to access the U.S. company’s system because of a cookie purchased from Genesis Market.
Genesis Market has also been used by cybercriminals to target U.S. government organizations.
Genesis Market is being designated pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13694, as amended by E.O. 13757, for being responsible for or complicit in, or having engaged in, directly or indirectly, cyber-enabled activities originating from, or directed by persons located, in whole or in substantial part, outside the United States that are reasonably likely to result in, or have materially contributed to, a significant threat to the national security, foreign policy, or economic health or financial stability of the United States and that have the purpose or effect of causing a significant misappropriation of funds or economic resources, trade secrets, personal identifiers, or financial information for commercial or competitive advantage or private financial gain.
As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of the entity that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons must be blocked and reported to OFAC. OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all dealings by U.S. persons or within the United States (including transactions transiting the United States) that involve any property or interests in property of a blocked or designated entity.
In addition, persons that engage in certain transactions with the entity designated today may themselves be exposed to sanctions.
The power and integrity of sanctions derive not only from OFAC’s ability to designate and add persons to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN) List but also from OFAC’s willingness to remove persons from the SDN List consistent with the law. The ultimate goal of sanctions is not to punish but to bring about a positive change in behavior. For information concerning the process for seeking removal from an OFAC list, including the SDN List, please refer to OFAC’s Frequently Asked Question 897. For detailed information on the process to submit a request for removal from an OFAC sanctions list, please refer to OFAC’s website.
See OFAC’s Updated Advisory on Potential Sanctions Risk for Facilitating Ransomware Payments here for information about actions that OFAC would consider to be mitigating factors in any related enforcement action involving ransomware payments with a potential sanctions risk. For information on complying with sanctions applicable to virtual currency, see OFAC’s Sanctions Compliance Guidance for the Virtual Currency Industry here.U.S. Treasury Department Press Release
Treasury Press Releases – GLOMAG, Cyber
Categories: Anti-Corruption Corruption Sanctions Cyber sanctions Global Magnitsky Sanctions OFAC Updates Sanctions Lists
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