Menu Home

Virtual Currency Mixer Tornado Cash sanctioned by OFAC

OFAC has sanctioned:

TORNADO CASH (a.k.a. TORNADO CASH CLASSIC; a.k.a. TORNADO CASH NOVA); Website tornado.cash; Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x8589427373D6D84E98730D7795D8f6f8731FDA16; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x722122dF12D4e14e13Ac3b6895a86e84145b6967; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xDD4c48C0B24039969fC16D1cdF626eaB821d3384; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xd90e2f925DA726b50C4Ed8D0Fb90Ad053324F31b; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xd96f2B1c14Db8458374d9Aca76E26c3D18364307; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x4736dCf1b7A3d580672CcE6E7c65cd5cc9cFBa9D; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xD4B88Df4D29F5CedD6857912842cff3b20C8Cfa3; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x910Cbd523D972eb0a6f4cAe4618aD62622b39DbF; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xA160cdAB225685dA1d56aa342Ad8841c3b53f291; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xFD8610d20aA15b7B2E3Be39B396a1bC3516c7144; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xF60dD140cFf0706bAE9Cd734Ac3ae76AD9eBC32A; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x22aaA7720ddd5388A3c0A3333430953C68f1849b; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xBA214C1c1928a32Bffe790263E38B4Af9bFCD659; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xb1C8094B234DcE6e03f10a5b673c1d8C69739A00; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x527653eA119F3E6a1F5BD18fbF4714081D7B31ce; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x58E8dCC13BE9780fC42E8723D8EaD4CF46943dF2; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xD691F27f38B395864Ea86CfC7253969B409c362d; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xaEaaC358560e11f52454D997AAFF2c5731B6f8a6; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x1356c899D8C9467C7f71C195612F8A395aBf2f0a; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xA60C772958a3eD56c1F15dD055bA37AC8e523a0D; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x169AD27A470D064DEDE56a2D3ff727986b15D52B; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x0836222F2B2B24A3F36f98668Ed8F0B38D1a872f; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xF67721A2D8F736E75a49FdD7FAd2e31D8676542a; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x9AD122c22B14202B4490eDAf288FDb3C7cb3ff5E; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x905b63Fff465B9fFBF41DeA908CEb12478ec7601; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x07687e702b410Fa43f4cB4Af7FA097918ffD2730; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x94A1B5CdB22c43faab4AbEb5c74999895464Ddaf; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xb541fc07bC7619fD4062A54d96268525cBC6FfEF; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x12D66f87A04A9E220743712cE6d9bB1B5616B8Fc; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x47CE0C6eD5B0Ce3d3A51fdb1C52DC66a7c3c2936; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x23773E65ed146A459791799d01336DB287f25334; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xD21be7248e0197Ee08E0c20D4a96DEBdaC3D20Af; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x610B717796ad172B316836AC95a2ffad065CeaB4; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x178169B423a011fff22B9e3F3abeA13414dDD0F1; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xbB93e510BbCD0B7beb5A853875f9eC60275CF498; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x2717c5e28cf931547B621a5dddb772Ab6A35B701; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x03893a7c7463AE47D46bc7f091665f1893656003; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0xCa0840578f57fE71599D29375e16783424023357; alt. Digital Currency Address - ETH 0x58E8dCC13BE9780fC42E8723D8EaD4CF46943dF2; Organization Established Date 2019; Digital Currency Address - USDC 0x8589427373D6D84E98730D7795D8f6f8731FDA16; alt. Digital Currency Address - USDC 0x722122dF12D4e14e13Ac3b6895a86e84145b6967; alt. Digital Currency Address - USDC 0xDD4c48C0B24039969fC16D1cdF626eaB821d3384; alt. Digital Currency Address - USDC 0xd90e2f925DA726b50C4Ed8D0Fb90Ad053324F31b; alt. Digital Currency Address - USDC 0xd96f2B1c14Db8458374d9Aca76E26c3D18364307; alt. Digital Currency Address - USDC 0x4736dCf1b7A3d580672CcE6E7c65cd5cc9cFBa9D [CYBER2]. 

under its Cyber-related sanctions program.

And Treasury issued the following press release about it:

PRESS RELEASES

U.S. Treasury Sanctions Notorious Virtual Currency Mixer Tornado Cash

August 8, 2022

WASHINGTON – Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned virtual currency mixer Tornado Cash, which has been used to launder more than $7 billion worth of virtual currency since its creation in 2019. This includes over $455 million stolen by the Lazarus Group, a Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) state-sponsored hacking group that was sanctioned by the U.S. in 2019, in the largest known virtual currency heist to date. Tornado Cash was subsequently used to launder more than $96 million of malicious cyber actors’ funds derived from the June 24, 2022 Harmony Bridge Heist, and at least $7.8 million from the August 2, 2022 Nomad Heist. Today’s action is being taken pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13694, as amended, and follows OFAC’s May 6, 2022 designation of virtual currency mixer Blender.io (Blender).

“Today, Treasury is sanctioning Tornado Cash, a virtual currency mixer that launders the proceeds of cybercrimes, including those committed against victims in the United States,” said Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Brian E. Nelson. “Despite public assurances otherwise, Tornado Cash has repeatedly failed to impose effective controls designed to stop it from laundering funds for malicious cyber actors on a regular basis and without basic measures to address its risks. Treasury will continue to aggressively pursue actions against mixers that launder virtual currency for criminals and those who assist them.”

Treasury has worked to expose components of the virtual currency ecosystem, like Tornado Cash and Blender.io, that cybercriminals use to obfuscate the proceeds from illicit cyber activity and other crimes. While most virtual currency activity is licit, it can be used for illicit activity, including sanctions evasion through mixers, peer-to-peer exchangers, darknet markets, and exchanges. This includes the facilitation of heists, ransomware schemes, fraud, and other cybercrimes. Treasury continues to use its authorities against malicious cyber actors in concert with other U.S. departments and agencies, as well as foreign partners, to expose, disrupt, and hold accountable perpetrators and persons that enable criminals to profit from cybercrime and other illicit activity. For example, in 2020, Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) assessed a $60 million civil money penaltyagainst the owner and operator of a virtual currency mixer for violations of the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and its implementing regulations.

MIXER: TORNADO CASH

Tornado Cash (Tornado) is a virtual currency mixer that operates on the Ethereum blockchain and indiscriminately facilitates anonymous transactions by obfuscating their origin, destination, and counterparties, with no attempt to determine their origin. Tornado receives a variety of transactions and mixes them together before transmitting them to their individual recipients. While the purported purpose is to increase privacy, mixers like Tornado are commonly used by illicit actors to launder funds, especially those stolen during significant heists.

Tornado is being designated pursuant to E.O. 13694, as amended, for having materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in support of, a cyber-enabled activity originating from, or directed by persons located, in whole or in substantial part, outside the United States that is reasonably likely to result in, or has materially contributed to, a significant threat to the national security, foreign policy, or economic health or financial stability of the United States and that has the purpose or effect of causing a significant misappropriation of funds or economic resources, trade secrets, personal identifiers, or financial information for commercial or competitive advantage or private financial gain.

ILLICIT FINANCE RISKS

Virtual currency mixers that assist criminals are a threat to U.S. national security. Treasury will continue to investigate the use of mixers for illicit purposes and use its authorities to respond to illicit financing risks in the virtual currency ecosystem

Criminals have increased their use of anonymity-enhancing technologies, including mixers, to help hide the movement or origin of funds. Additional information on illicit financing risks associated with mixers and other anonymity-enhancing technologies in the virtual asset ecosystem can be found in the 2022 National Money Laundering Risk Assessment.

Those in the virtual currency industry play a critical role in complying with their Anti-Money Laundering/Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) and sanctions obligations to prevent sanctioned persons and other illicit actors from exploiting virtual currency to undermine U.S foreign policy and national security interests. As part of that effort, the industry should take a risk-based approach to assess the risk associated with different virtual currency services, implement measures to mitigate risks, and address the challenges anonymizing features can present to compliance with AML/CFT obligations. As today’s action demonstrates, mixers should in general be considered as high-risk by virtual currency firms, which should only process transactions if they have appropriate controls in place to prevent mixers from being used to launder illicit proceeds.

SANCTIONS IMPLICATIONS

As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of the entity above, Tornado Cash, that is in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons is blocked and must be reported to OFAC. In addition, any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more by one or more blocked persons are also blocked. All transactions by U.S. persons or within (or transiting) the United States that involve any property or interests in property of designated or otherwise blocked persons are prohibited unless authorized by a general or specific license issued by OFAC, or exempt. These prohibitions include the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any blocked person and the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

The power and integrity of OFAC sanctions derive not only from OFAC’s ability to designate and add persons to the SDN List, but also from its willingness to remove persons from the SDN List consistent with the law. The ultimate goal of sanctions is not to punish, but to bring about a positive change in behavior. For information concerning the process for seeking removal from an OFAC list, including the SDN List, please refer to OFAC’s Frequently Asked Question 897 here. For detailed information on the process to submit a request for removal from an OFAC sanctions list, click here.

Link:

OFAC Notice

Press Release – Treasury

Categories: Cyber sanctions Mixers/Tumblers OFAC Updates Sanctions Lists Virtual Currencies

eric9to5

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: