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April 11, 2022: OFSI adds 2 to Bosnia & Herzegovina sanctions

Yesterday, UK regulators added the following persons:

1. CVIJANOVIC, Zeljka
Name (non-Latin script): Жељка Цвијановић
Title: President DOB: 02/08/1967. POB: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina Nationality: Bosnia and Herzegovina Address: Bana Milosavljevica 4, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 78000. Position: President of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref):BIH0001 Previously 11th Prime Minister of Republika Srpska. She is a member of the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats party (SNSD/СНСД), also a member of the party’s Executive Board and its Main Board (UK Statement of Reasons):Zeljka Cvijanovic, as President of Republika Srpska, is working with Milorad Dodik (also designated under the Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020) to undermine the territorial integrity, international personality or constitutional order of Bosnia and Herzegovina, through enacting the unilateral transfer of state competencies from the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Republika Srpska, signing into law the legislative steps to begin to degrade/destroy state institutions as well as establishing an independent tax authority, medical agency, and army in the Republika Srpska. Cvijanovic’s actions are unconstitutional and go against the central tenets of the Dayton Peace Agreement as well as undermine the state’s competences in security. (Gender):Female Listed on: 11/04/2022 UK Sanctions List Date Designated: 11/04/2022 Last Updated: 11/04/2022 Group ID: 15081.

2. DODIK, Milorad
Name (non-Latin script): Милорад Додик
Title: Minister DOB: 12/03/1959. POB: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina Nationality: Bosnia and Herzegovina Address: Karadjordjeva Street 3, Laktasi, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 78250. Position: (1) President of the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD/СНСД) (2) Representative of the Bosnian Serbs within the state-level tripartite Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): BIH0002 Has previously held a series of high-profile governance positions within the Bosnian Serb Entity. Leader of a key party, the SNSD (expelled from the Socialist International in 2012 for its “nationalism and extremism”). The party has been in power in the Republika Srpska since 2006. (UK Statement of Reasons):Milorad Dodik as the Bosnian Serb member of the Bosnia and Herzegovina tripartite Presidency has used this position to undermine the territorial integrity, sovereignty and stability of Bosnia and Herzegovina through using hate speech to stir ethnic tensions, calling for the fragmentation of Bosnia and Herzogovina to create an independent Republika Srpska, and overseeing legislative steps to degrade/destroy state institutions. (Gender):Male Listed on: 11/04/2022 UK Sanctions List Date Designated: 11/04/2022 Last Updated: 11/04/2022 Group ID: 15082

to its Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions program. And FCDO issued the following press release:

Press release

UK announces sanctions under Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions regime: 11 April 2022

The UK government announces its first sanctions under the Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions regime.From:Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Officeand The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MPPublished11 April 2022

Two politicians sanctioned for destabilising activity in Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Bosnian-Serb politicians Milorad Dodik and Zeljka Cvijanovic are sanctioned by the UK for their attempts to undermine the legitimacy and functionality of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • the designations, which include travel bans and asset freezes, are the first under the UK’s Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions regime
  • UK believes the pair are deliberately undermining the hard-won peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina

UK has today sanctioned Milorad Dodik, Bosnian-Serb member of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s state-level Presidency, and Zeljka Cvijanovic, President of the entity of Republika Srpska, for their destabilising activity in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The designations, which include travel bans and asset freezes, are the first under the UK’s Bosnia and Herzegovina sanctions regime.

Emboldened by Russia’s undermining of the international rules-based system, both individuals have used their positions of authority to push for de facto secession of Republika Srpska – one of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s 2 entities – in direct contravention of the country’s constitution.

Milorad Dodik has driven action to withdraw Republika Srpska from key State institutions, using divisive, dangerous, nationalist rhetoric, undermining domestic and regional peace and encouraging ethnic hatred and genocide denial.

Meanwhile, in October 2021, Zeljka Cvijanovic used her office to table legislation in Republika Srpska seeking to transfer state competencies to the entity level. Cvijanovic has publicly glorified war criminals and denied the genocide at Srebrenica.

Working in coordination with the US and other like-minded partners, the Foreign Secretary hopes today’s announcement will encourage other nations to apply similar restrictive measures which hold politicians to account for their destabilising and dangerous behaviour.

Foreign Secretary Liz Truss said:

These two politicians are deliberately undermining the hard won peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Encouraged by Putin, their reckless behaviour threatens stability and security across the Western Balkans.

With these tough sanctions we are showing that the enemies of peace will be held to account.

Dodik and Cvijanovic’s actions and rhetoric threaten to undo 26 years of hard-won peace and stability, and undermine the General Framework Agreement for Peace (Dayton Peace Agreement), which brought hostilities to an end in 1995.

Links:

OFSI Notice

FCDO Statement

Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina Sanctions OFSI Updates Sanctions Lists

eric9to5

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