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OFAC, OFSI sanction more Nicaraguan officials

Today, the US sanctioned the following individuals:

CASTANEDA MENDEZ, Jose Antonio, Residencial Monte Cielo, Casa B 102, Nindiri, Nicaragua; DOB 19 Nov 1963; POB Managua, Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; Passport C01252526 (Nicaragua) issued 21 Jun 2012 expires 21 Jun 2022; National ID No. 0011911630053V (Nicaragua) (individual) [NICARAGUA]. 

CENTENO RIVERA, Leonidas Nicolas, Jinotega, Nicaragua; DOB 06 Dec 1958; POB Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; National ID No. 2430612580000C (Nicaragua) (individual) [NICARAGUA].

CHAVARRIA MONTENEGRO, Jose Adrian, Residencial Monte Cielo, Casa #C 152, Managua, Nicaragua; DOB 08 Sep 1955; POB Jinotega, Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; National ID No. 2410809550003W (Nicaragua); Diplomatic Passport A00001069 (Nicaragua) issued 06 Aug 2015 expires 06 Aug 2025 (individual) [NICARAGUA].

FARRARA LASHTAR, Mohamed Mohamed (a.k.a. FERRARA LASHTAR, Mohamed Mohamed; a.k.a. FERRARA LASHTAR, Mohammed Mohammed), Residencial Las Colinas, Calle de los Cerros, Casa 330, Managua, Nicaragua; DOB 17 May 1959; nationality Nicaragua; citizen Nicaragua; Gender Male; Passport C1102007 (Nicaragua); alt. Passport NG252351 (Libya); National ID No. 7771705590000M (Nicaragua); Diplomatic Passport A00000271 (Nicaragua) issued 12 Sep 2012 expires 12 Sep 2022 (individual) [NICARAGUA].

LOPEZ GUTIERREZ, Rodolfo Francisco, Residencial El Dorado #125, Managua, Nicaragua; DOB 03 Oct 1953; POB Jinotega, Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; Passport C01190809 (Nicaragua) issued 02 Mar 2012 expires 02 Mar 2022; National ID No. 2410310530001B (Nicaragua) (individual) [NICARAGUA].

MANSELL CASTRILLO, Salvador, De Los Pipitos, 200 Mts. Al Oeste Bolonia, Managua, Nicaragua; DOB 13 Dec 1955; POB Matagalpa, Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; National ID No. 4411312550001D (Nicaragua); Diplomatic Passport A00000656D (Nicaragua) issued 09 Aug 2013 expires 09 Aug 2023 (individual) [NICARAGUA].

MONTENEGRO ESPINOZA, Luis Angel, Planes De Puntaldia Casa #16, Managua, Nicaragua; DOB 01 Jan 1949; POB Esteli, Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; National ID No. 1610101490000S (Nicaragua) (individual) [NICARAGUA].

VALENZUELA BLANDON, Francisco Ramon, Esteli, Nicaragua; DOB 12 Dec 1963; POB Esteli, Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; National ID No. 1611212630005S (Nicaragua) (individual) [NICARAGUA].

ZELEDON ROCHA, Sadrach, Matagalpa, Nicaragua; DOB 08 Feb 1954; POB Nicaragua; nationality Nicaragua; Gender Male; Passport C759398 (Nicaragua); National ID No. 09058016 (Nicaragua) (individual) [NICARAGUA].

and entity:

MINISTERIO PUBLICO DE NICARAGUA, Km 4 Carretera a Masaya, Managua, Nicaragua; Website https://ministeriopublico.gob.ni/; Target Type Government Entity [NICARAGUA] [NICARAGUA-NHRAA]. 

under its Nicaragua-related sanctions program. Additionally, the UK sanctioned the following persons:

1. CAMPBELL HOOKER, Lumberto Ignacio
Title: Magistrate DOB: 03/02/1949. POB: Raas, Nicaragua Nationality: Nicaragua Passport Details: A00001109 Address: Nicaragua. Position: Magistrate in the Supreme Electoral Council of Nicaragua Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0012 (UK Statement of Reasons): Lumberto Ignacio Campbell Hooker is a senior official in the Government of Nicaragua. He was the former Vice President and subsequently interim President of the Supreme Electoral Council of Nicaragua, and remains a magistrate of that organisation. There are reasonable grounds to suspect that in these roles he has stifled free and fair elections during civic protests in 2018, shown partisanship towards the Ortega Regime whilst serving as a senior official in the Supreme Electoral Council, and played an active role in disbanding opposition parties. He is responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and for human rights violations. (Gender): Male Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14150.

2. DOMINGUEZ ALVAREZ, Fidel de Jesus
Title: Chief Commissioner DOB: 21/03/1963. POB: Rivas, Nicaragua Nationality: Nicaragua Address: Nicaragua. Position: Chief Commissioner of the Police in the Department of León, Nicaragua Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0014 (UK Statement of Reasons): Fidel de Jesus Dominguez Alvarez is the Chief Commissioner of Police in the Department of León. In this position, he is responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and human rights violations within the city of León. There are also reasonable grounds to suspect that he is aware of, and has authority over, similar violations committed by his subordinates within the Police Department of León. (Gender): Male Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14152.

3. GUIDO OCHOA, Ana Julia
Title: Attorney General DOB: 16/02/1959. POB: Matagalpa, Nicaragua a.k.a: GUIDO DE ROMERO, Ana, Julia Nationality: Nicaragua Address: Km 4 Carretera a Masaya, Contiguo a Bancentro, Managua, Nicaragua. Position: Attorney General of Nicaragua Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0010 (UK Statement of Reasons): Ana Julia Guido Ochoa is the Attorney General of the Republic of Nicaragua. There are reasonable grounds to suspect that in her role as Attorney General, she has been actively involved in undermining the independence and competence of the Public Ministry; repressing political candidates, non-governmental organisations and journalists; and restricting access to free and fair trials, to freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention, to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, and the right of all persons in Nicaragua to human rights regardless of their political views. She is responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and for human rights violations. (Gender): Female Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14148.

4. MORENO BRIONES, Fidel Antonio
Title: Secretary General DOB: 26/02/1974. POB: Esteli, Nicaragua Nationality: Nicaragua National Identification no: 161-260274-0001T Address: Nicaragua. Position: Secretary General of the Managua Mayor’s Office Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0009 (UK Statement of Reasons): Fidel Antonio Moreno Briones has been the Secretary General of the Managua Mayor’s Office since 2007. He is also the Organisation Secretary of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). There are reasonable grounds to suspect that in his role as Secretary General he is responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and for human rights violations. (Gender): Male Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14147.

5. MURILLO ZAMBRANA, Rosario Maria
Title: (1) Vice President (2) Chief Spokesperson for the Government of Nicaragua (3) First Lady of the Nation DOB: 22/06/1951. POB: Managua, Nicaragua a.k.a: MURILLO DE ORTEGA, Rosario, Maria Nationality: Nicaragua Passport Details: A00000106 Address: El Carmen, Managua, Nicaragua. Position: (1) Vice President (2) Chief Spokesperson for the Government of Nicaragua (3) First Lady of the Nation Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0007 (UK Statement of Reasons): Rosario Murillo is the Vice President of Nicaragua, First Lady of Nicaragua, government spokesperson and leader of the Sandinista Youth. According to the President of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, Rosario Murillo shares power equally with him - the Constitution allows the President to delegate any duties to his Vice President. There are reasonable grounds to suspect that, in her position as Vice President, Murillo had authority over and knowledge of: the state- backed repression of political demonstrations and activities; repression of civilians including through her leadership of the Sandinista Youth wing; and the discrediting of independent journalists and the exclusion of candidates from the electoral process. She is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition, and for human rights violations. (Gender): Female Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14145.

6. PORRAS CORTES, Gustavo Eduardo
Title: President DOB: 11/10/1954. POB: Managua, Nicaragua Nationality: Nicaragua Address: Nicaragua. Position: President of the Nicaraguan National Assembly Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0008 (UK Statement of Reasons): Gustavo Eduardo Porras Cortés has been President of the Nicaraguan National Assembly since 2017. During this time, Porras has presided over, introduced, voted for, signed, and publicly advocated for legislation which undermines democracy, violates human rights, and represses civil society and the democratic opposition. He is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and for human rights violations. (Gender): Male Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14146.

7. RAMOS VANEGAS, Alba Luz
Title: (1) President (2) Magistrate DOB: 03/06/1949. POB: Léon, Nicaragua Nationality: Nicaragua Passport Details: A0009864 Address: Nicaragua. Position: President of the Supreme Court of Justice of Nicaragua Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0011 (UK Statement of Reasons): Alba Luz Ramos Vanegas is the President of Nicaragua’s Supreme Court of Justice, and sits on the National Council for Judicial Administration and Career. There are reasonable grounds to suspect that in her role as President of the Supreme Court of Justice she has undermined the independence of the judiciary, denying accused parties in the courts a free and fair trial, and permitting and actively encouraging cruel, degrading and inhumane treatment of accused parties. She is responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and for human rights violations. (Gender): Female Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14149.

8. VALLE VALLE, Juan Antonio
Title: Senior Commissioner DOB: 04/05/1963. POB: Matagalpa, Nicaragua Nationality: Nicaragua Passport Details: D113169 Address: Nicaragua. Position: (1) Senior Commissioner (2) Chief of Department of Surveillance and Patrolling, Nicaraguan National Police Other Information: (UK Sanctions List Ref): NIC0013 (UK Statement of Reasons): As a senior commissioner of the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP), Juan Antonio Valle Valle is responsible for human rights violations against civilians during protests, which began on 18 April 2018. The NNP’s Department of Surveillance and Patrolling, of which Valle Valle is Chief, has repeatedly restricted the freedom of assembly and expression of Nicaraguans in Managua. Valle Valle was responsible for the harassment by police against individuals sheltered in the Metrocentro shopping centre in Managua in 2019. He is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law, repression of civil society and the democratic opposition and for human rights violations. (Gender): Male Listed on: 15/11/2021 Last Updated: 15/11/2021 Group ID: 14151.

under their Nicaragua program.

And the US Treasury Department:

PRESS RELEASES

Treasury Sanctions Public Ministry of Nicaragua and Nine Government Officials Following Sham November Elections

November 15, 2021

WASHINGTON — Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) designated the Public Ministry of Nicaragua (Ministerio Publico de Nicaragua) as well as nine officials of the Government of Nicaragua in response to the sham national elections orchestrated by President Daniel Ortega (Ortega) and Vice President Rosario Murillo (Murillo). This action targets those who are repressing Nicaraguans for exercising their human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Between October 2020 and June 2021, the Nicaraguan National Assembly, controlled by Ortega and Murillo, approved six laws that facilitated the government’s repression against the opposition and eliminated its chances in the November 2021 elections. Several officials designated in today’s action were appointed to their government positions by Ortega and are key supporters of the regime and its anti-democratic policies; the officials designated today also include multiple persons implicated in violence against peaceful protestors during Nicaragua’s 2018 demonstrations.

As President Biden stated, President Daniel Ortega and Vice President Murillo orchestrated a pantomime election that was neither free nor fair, and most certainly not democratic. The unjust imprisonment of nearly 40 opposition figures since May, including seven potential presidential candidates, and the blocking of political parties from participation rigged the outcome well before election day.

“The Ortega regime is using laws and institutions to detain members of the political opposition and deprive Nicaraguans from the right to vote,” said Office of Foreign Assets Control Director Andrea M. Gacki. “The United States is sending an unequivocal message to President Ortega, Vice President Murillo, and their inner circle that we stand with the Nicaraguan people in their calls for reform and a return to democracy.”

Today’s action, taken pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13851, “Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Nicaragua,” and the Nicaragua Human Rights and Anticorruption Act of 2018 (NHRAA), now known as the Nicaragua Investment Conditionality Act of 2018 (NICA), is intended to highlight the anti-democratic actions that the Ortega regime has undertaken to alter and corrupt the election process in Nicaragua and solidify the power of Ortega, Murillo and their inner circle.

PUBLIC MINISTRY OF NICARAGUA (MINISTERIO PUBLICO DE NICARAGUA)

The Public Ministry of Nicaragua is the federal public prosecutor’s office and is designated for being responsible for or complicit in, or for having directly or indirectly engaged or attempted to engage in, actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in Nicaragua. Relying on Nicaraguan law, including Law 1055, the Public Ministry has unjustly arrested and investigated presidential candidates and prevented them from running for office, thereby undermining democracy in Nicaragua. Law 1055 prohibits from public office anyone determined to be “traitors,” such as those advocating “foreign interference” in Nicaragua or other actions deemed to be undermining Nicaraguan sovereignty. In June 2021, the Public Ministry used Law 1055 and requested that leading opposition presidential candidate Cristiana Chamorro, whom it was investigating on groundless charges relating to “the crimes of laundering, forgery of official documents, and abusive management,” be disqualified from the electoral process. The Public Ministry also initiated investigations or filed charges against leading presidential candidates Arturo Cruz, Felix Maradiaga, Juan Sebastian Chamorro, and Miguel Mora, all of whom were detained since June of this year in the run-up to the sham November elections. The Public Ministry is also responsible for the arrest of nearly 40 individuals since late May, including leaders of civil society, the private sector, students, and journalists.

LUIS ANGEL MONTENEGRO ESPINOZA

Luis Angel Montenegro Espinoza (Montenegro) was designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007. As the Superintendent of the Superintendency of Banks and Other Financial Institutions (SIBOIF), Montenegro ordered banks to comply with a request from the Public Ministry to audit and turn over financial information on 13 senior executives and businessmen in accordance with Law 1055 due to being the subject of an investigation. Additionally, in April 2020, SIBOIF issued regulations implementing the February 2020 amendments to the Law for the Protection of Consumers and Users, which forbids banks in Nicaragua, without a reason recognized by Nicaraguan law, from refusing financial services to customers, including OFAC-designated persons.

JOSE ADRIAN CHAVARRIA MONTENEGRO

Jose Adrian Chavarria Montenegro (Chavarria) is the Nicaraguan Vice Minister of Finance and Public Credit and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007. Chavarria replaced, as a board member of the National Electric Transmission Company, U.S.-designated Ivan Adolfo Acosta Montalvan, who arranged significant financial support to the Ortega regime.

RODOLFO FRANCISCO LOPEZ GUTIERREZ

Rodolfo Francisco Lopez Gutierrez is the Managing Director of the Electric Distributor of the North (DISNORTE) and Electric Distributor of the South (DISSUR) and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007.

JOSE ANTONIO CASTANEDA MENDEZ

Jose Antonio Castaneda Mendez is the President of Nicaraguan Institute of Energy and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007.

MOHAMED FARRARA LASHTAR

Mohamed Farrara Lashtar (Lashtar) is the Nicaraguan Ambassador to Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Lashtar is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007.

SALVADOR MANSELL CASTRILLO

Salvador Mansell Castrillo is the Nicaraguan Minister of Energy and Mines and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007.

SADRACH ZELEDON ROCHA

Sadrach Zeledon Rocha (Zeledon) is the Mayor of the Nicaraguan city of Matagalpa and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007. Zeledon contributed to the violence inflicted against demonstrations by Nicaraguan citizens that began in April 2018. He was connected to the actions of paramilitary forces, the pro-Ortega Police, and shock groups that engaged in serious abuses against protestors.

LEONIDAS CENTENO RIVERA

Leonidas Centeno Rivera (Centeno) is the Mayor of Jinotega and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007. Centeno is directly linked to instances of repression in Jinotega during the 2018 protests. In particular, attacks with heavy weaponry carried out by paramilitary members killed four individuals, and members of Centeno’s mayoral office staff actively participated in the repression of protestors.

FRANCISCO RAMON VALENZUELA BLANDON

Francisco Ramon Valenzuela Blandon (Valenzuela) is the Mayor of Esteli and is designated for being an official of the Government of Nicaragua or for having served as an official of the Government of Nicaragua at any time on or after January 10, 2007. Valenzuela’s office was ordered to position snipers to target demonstrators during the protests of 2018.

SANCTIONS IMPLICATIONS

As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of these persons that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons are blocked and must be reported to OFAC. In addition, any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more of such persons are also blocked. OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all dealings by U.S. persons or within (or transiting) the United States that involve any property or interests in property of blocked or designated persons.

The sanctions imposed today are not intended to be permanent but are issued to encourage a positive change of behavior by the identified persons and the authoritarian regime they support. The United States makes clear that the removal of sanctions may be available for individuals and entities designated pursuant to E.O. 13851 and the NHRAA who take concrete and meaningful actions to promote democracy and the rule of law in Nicaragua.

and the UK FCDO:

News story

UK imposes sanctions on senior Nicaraguan individuals following rigged elections

The UK has imposed new sanctions on eight high-ranking Nicaraguan politicians and officials.From:Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Officeand Wendy Morton MPPublished15 November 2021

The UK has today imposed sanctions against eight senior Nicaraguan individuals, including the country’s Vice-President, following the presidential election on 7 November.

The election was strongly criticised by the UK, US, the EU and Canada and others due to the arbitrary arrest and detention of political opponents, repression of independent media and enforced dissolution of opposition parties.

These sanctions impose travel bans and asset freezes on those particularly responsible for undermining Nicaragua’s democratic principles and institutions, commissioning serious human rights violations, and the repression of civil society.

Wendy Morton, Minister for Europe and Americas, said:

The Ortega regime is denying the Nicaraguan people their fundamental human rights. The recent Presidential election was rigged and opposition politicians and peaceful protestors have consistently been imprisoned for political purposes.

The UK will always be a fierce champion for freedom around the world and these sanctions will ensure those responsible for attacks on democracy in Nicaragua face a real cost for their actions.

The list of individuals sanctioned includes the Vice President and First Lady of Nicaragua, Rosario Murillo, for her involvement in the state-backed repression of demonstrations, the discrediting of independent journalists and the exclusion of opposition candidates from elections.

The Attorney General and President of the Supreme Court of Justice are both also sanctioned for their role in restricting access to free and fair trials and other acts which undermine the rule of law, alongside a senior commissioner in the Nicaraguan National Police for his involvement in the harassment of protestors during demonstrations in 2018.

Today’s announcement ensures these individuals cannot freely travel to the UK, channel money through UK banks or profit from the UK economy. These restrictive measures are aimed at individuals and are carefully targeted to minimise the impact on the wider economy.

These actions were coordinated with the US and Canada, who have imposed similar sanctions on leading Nicaraguan officials, to maximise pressure on the Ortega regime to change its behaviour and end the repression of its citizens. We will continue to work with likeminded partners such as the US, Canada, and the EU on further coordinated steps to respond to the situation in Nicaragua.

The UK has repeatedly called for the immediate and unconditional release of all opposition leaders and other political prisoners in Nicaragua, and for the full restoration of all of their civil and political rights, most recently in a statement following the rigged elections on 7 November.

These new sanctions add to the six that were carried over when the UK left the EU under the Nicaragua (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 and one designation that the UK imposed on 26 April 2021 under the Global Anti-Corruption Sanctions Regulations 2021.

Background:

The full list of those sanctioned by the UK today is below:

  • Rosario María Murillo Zambrana, Vice President of Nicaragua, First Lady of Nicaragua, government spokesperson and leader of the Sandinista Youth.
  • Gustavo Eduardo Porras Cortés, President of the Nicaraguan National Assembly.
  • Fidel Antonio Moreno Briones, Secretary General of the Managua Mayor’s Office and Organisation Secretary of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).
  • Ana Julia Guido Ochoa, Attorney General of the Republic of Nicaragua.
  • Alba Luz Ramos Vanegas, President of Nicaragua’s Supreme Court of Justice.
  • Lumberto Ignacio Campbell Hooker, former Vice President and interim President and current magistrate in the Supreme Electoral Council of Nicaragua.
  • Juan Antonio Valle Valle, senior commissioner of the Nicaraguan National Police (NNP).
  • Fidel de Jesus Dominguez Alvarez, Chief Commissioner of Police in the Department of León.

The full designations can be found here – https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-uk-sanctions-list

Media enquiries

Email newsdesk@fcdo.gov.uk

Telephone 020 7008 3100

Contact the FCDO Communication Team via email (monitored 24 hours a day) in the first instance, and we will respond as soon as possible.

issued statements.

When the Canadian action is published, I will post it separately.

Links:

OFAC Notice

OFSI Notice

Treasury Press Release

FCDO Press Release

Categories: Nicaragua sanctions OFAC Updates OFSI Updates Sanctions Lists

eric9to5

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