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New round of OFAC Hong Kong-related designations, including Hong Kong SAR Chief Executive Carrie Lam

In what can only be considered a major escalation over the passage of the national security bill passed in China over Hong Kong’s autonomy, OFAC has designated the following persons under its Hong Kong-related sanctions program:

CHAN, Eric (a.k.a. CHAN, Eric Kwok-ki; a.k.a. CHAN, Kwok-ki (Chinese Simplified: 陈国基; Chinese Traditional: 陳國基)), Flat F, 20 Floor, Block 2, Royal Ascot, Shatin, Hong Kong; DOB 05 Apr 1959; POB Hong Kong; nationality Hong Kong; Gender Male; National ID No. G142458A (Hong Kong); Secretary General, Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (individual) [HK-EO13936]. 

CHENG, Teresa (a.k.a. CHENG, Teresa Yeuk-wah; a.k.a. CHENG, Yeuk Wah), House No. 4, Villa De Mer, 5 Lok Chui Street, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong; DOB 11 Nov 1958; POB Hong Kong; nationality Hong Kong; Gender Female; Passport KJ0221326 (Hong Kong) issued 28 Jan 2012 expires 28 Jan 2022; National ID No. G579067A (Hong Kong); Secretary for Justice (individual) [HK-EO13936].

LAM, Carrie (a.k.a. LAM CHENG, Carrie Yuet-ngor; a.k.a. LAM CHENG, Yuet-ngor (Chinese Simplified: 郑月娥; Chinese Traditional: 林鄭月娥)), Victoria House, No. 15 Barker Road, The Peak, Hong Kong; DOB 13 May 1957; POB Hong Kong; nationality Hong Kong; Gender Female; Passport KJ0505670 (Hong Kong) issued 13 Apr 2016 expires 13 Apr 2026; National ID No. D3356664 (Hong Kong); Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (individual) [HK-EO13936].

LEE, John Ka-chiu (a.k.a. LEE, John; a.k.a. LEE, Ka Chiu (Chinese Traditional: 李家超); a.k.a. “LI, Jiachao”), Flat A, 5/F, Block 2, King’s Park Villa, No. 1 King’s Park Rise, Homantin, Kowloon, Hong Kong; DOB 07 Dec 1957; Gender Male; National ID No. G0286787 (Hong Kong); Secretary for Security (individual) [HK-EO13936].

LO, Stephen (a.k.a. LO, Stephen Wai-chung; a.k.a. LO, Wai-chung (Chinese Traditional: 盧偉聰; Chinese Simplified: 卢伟聪)), Hong Kong; DOB 19 Nov 1961; POB Hong Kong; nationality Hong Kong; Gender Male; National ID No. E8586768 (Hong Kong) (individual) [HK-EO13936].

LUO, Huining (Chinese Simplified: 骆惠宁; Chinese Traditional: 駱惠寧), Hong Kong; DOB 05 Oct 1954; POB Dangtu, China; nationality China; Gender Male; National ID No. 340103195410053558 (China); Director, Hong Kong Liaison Office (individual) [HK-EO13936].

SOULEYMANE, Bi Sidi (a.k.a. ABASS, Sidiki; a.k.a. ABBAS, Sidiki; a.k.a. BI SIDI, Souleymane; a.k.a. SIDIKI, Abbas; a.k.a. SOULEMAN, Bi Sidi; a.k.a. SOULEMANE, Bi Sidi; a.k.a. SOULIMANE, Sidiki Abass; a.k.a. “Sidiki”), Central African Republic; DOB 20 Jul 1962; POB Bocaranga, Ouham-Pende prefecture, Central African Republic; nationality Central African Republic; alt. nationality Chad; alt. nationality Cameroon; Gender Male (individual) [CAR].

TANG, Chris (a.k.a. TANG, Ping-keung (Chinese Traditional: 鄧炳強)), 1 Arsenal Street, Hong Kong; DOB 04 Jul 1965; POB Hong Kong; nationality Hong Kong; Gender Male; Passport KJ0638810 (Hong Kong) issued 14 Oct 2017 expires 14 Oct 2027; National ID No. D4118015 (Hong Kong); Commissioner of Police (individual) [HK-EO13936].

TSANG, Erick (a.k.a. CENG, Guowei; a.k.a. TSANG, Erick Kwok-wai; a.k.a. TSANG, Kwok-wai (Chinese Traditional: 曾國衞; Chinese Simplified: 曾国); a.k.a. ZENG, Guowei), Flat 5F, Block 6, New Jade Gardens, Chaiwan, Hong Kong; DOB 01 Sep 1963; POB Hong Kong; nationality Hong Kong; Gender Male; National ID No. E9963190 (Hong Kong); Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs (individual) [HK-EO13936].

XIA, Baolong (Chinese Simplified: 夏宝; Chinese Traditional: 夏寶龍), China; DOB 01 Dec 1952 to 31 Dec 1952; POB Tianjin, China; Gender Male; Director, Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council (individual) [HK-EO13936].

ZHANG, Xiaoming (Chinese Simplified: 张晓明; Chinese Traditional: 張曉明), China; DOB 03 Sep 1963; POB Taizhou, China; nationality China; Gender Male; National ID No. 11010819630903003X (China); Deputy Director, Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council (individual) [HK-EO13936].

ZHENG, Yanxiong (Chinese Simplified: 郑雁雄; Chinese Traditional: 鄭雁雄), Apt 608, 50 Huali Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623, China; DOB 25 Aug 1963; POB Shantou, China; nationality China; Gender Male; Passport SE0226769 (China) issued 10 Aug 2016 expires 10 Aug 2021; National ID No. 440111196308254212 (China); Director, Office for Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong (individual) [HK-EO13936].

And the State Department has issued the following press release:

The Chinese Communist Party has made clear that Hong Kong will never again enjoy the high degree of autonomy that Beijing itself promised to the Hong Kong people and the United Kingdom for 50 years. President Trump has made clear that the United States will therefore treat Hong Kong as “one country, one system,” and take action against individuals who have crushed the Hong Kong people’s freedoms.

Today, the United States designates 11 individuals pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13936. These individuals include Carrie Lam, Teresa Cheng, Erick Tsang, Zheng Yanxiong, Eric Chan, John Lee Ka-chiu, and Chris Tang, for their roles in coercing, arresting, detaining, or imprisoning individuals under the authority of, or having been responsible for or involved in developing, adopting, or implementing, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong. This law, purportedly enacted to “safeguard” the security of Hong Kong, is in fact a tool of CCP repression.

This action includes designations of Xia Baolong, Zhang Xiaoming, and Luo Huining for being leaders or officials of an entity engaged in actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, stability, or autonomy of Hong Kong. Stephen Lo was also designated for being a foreign person who is or has been a leader or official of an entity, including any government entity, that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in censorship or other activities with respect to Hong Kong that prohibit, limit, or penalize the exercise of freedom of expression or assembly by citizens of Hong Kong, or that limit access to free and independent print, online or broadcast media.

Today’s actions send a clear message that the Hong Kong authorities’ actions are unacceptable and in contravention of the PRC’s commitments under “one country, two systems” and the Sino-British Joint Declaration, a UN-registered treaty.

The United States stands with the Hong Kong people. For more information, please see the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s press release.

And here is Treasury’s press release:

PRESS RELEASES

Treasury Sanctions Individuals for Undermining Hong Kong’s Autonomy

WASHINGTON – Today, the Department of the Treasury imposed sanctions on 11 individuals for undermining Hong Kong’s autonomy and restricting the freedom of expression or assembly of the citizens of Hong Kong. These actions were taken pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13936, “The President’s Executive Order on Hong Kong Normalization,” which President Trump issued on July 14, 2020. E.O. 13936 declares a national emergency with respect to the situation in Hong Kong, including recent actions taken by the People’s Republic of China to fundamentally undermine Hong Kong’s autonomy and democratic processes, and provides for the imposition of sanctions on actors engaged in these malign activities. E.O. 13936 also builds on and implements provisions of the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 and the Hong Kong Autonomy Act of 2020. The recent imposition of draconian national security legislation on Hong Kong has not only undermined Hong Kong’s autonomy, it has also infringed on the rights of people in Hong Kong, allowing mainland China’s security services to operate with impunity in the region, mandating “national security education” in Hong Kong schools, undermining the rule of law, and setting the groundwork for censorship of any individuals or outlets that are deemed unfriendly to China.

Today, Treasury is sanctioning Carrie Lam, Chris Tang, Stephen Lo, John Lee Ka-chiu, Teresa Cheng, Erick Tsang, Xia Baolong, Zhang Xiaoming, Luo Huining, Zheng Yanxiong, and Eric Chan.

“The United States stands with the people of Hong Kong and we will use our tools and authorities to target those undermining their autonomy,” said Secretary of the Treasury Steven T. Mnuchin.

Carrie Lam, Chief Executive, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR)

Carrie Lam is the chief executive directly responsible for implementing Beijing’s policies of suppression of freedom and democratic processes. In 2019, Lam pushed for an update to Hong Kong’s extradition arrangements to allow for extradition to the mainland, setting off a series of massive opposition demonstrations in Hong Kong. Lam is designated for being involved in developing, adopting, or implementing the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (National Security Law).

Chris Tang, Commissioner of Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF)

Chris Tang, as the Commissioner of the HKPF, has enthusiastically supported the Hong Kong National Security Law. The HKPF besieged Hong Kong Polytechnic under his leadership, along with arresting hundreds of protestors. Chris Tang also sits upon the newly established Committee for Safeguarding National Security. He is designated for coercing, arresting, detaining, or imprisoning individuals under the authority of the National Security Law.

Stephen Lo, Former Commissioner of HKPF

Stephen Lo was the previous commissioner of the HKPF until 2019. Under his leadership, over 4,000 protestors were arrested and 1,600 injured in clashes. Stephen Lo is designated as a leader or official of a government entity whose members have engaged in activities to prohibit, limit, or penalize the exercise of freedom of expression or assembly in Hong Kong.

John Lee Ka-chiu, HKSAR Secretary for Security

John Lee Ka-chiu is the Secretary for Security in Hong Kong, where his office is responsible for all security-related policies. John Lee Ka-chiu is also a member of the Executive Council of the HKSAR government, an organ for assisting the Chief Executive in policy-making, and has introduced a new police unit dedicated to enforcing the Hong Kong National Security Law which will have intelligence gathering and investigation capabilities. He is designated for being involved in coercing, arresting, detaining, or imprisoning individuals under the authority of the National Security Law, as well as being involved in its development, adoption, or implementation.

Teresa Cheng, HKSAR Secretary for Justice

Teresa Cheng is the Secretary for Justice for Hong Kong. As head of the Hong Kong Department of Justice, Teresa Cheng has said that her major responsibility is implementing and safeguarding national security in the HKSAR. She is designated for being responsible or involved in developing, adopting, or implementing the National Security Law.

Erick Tsang, HKSAR Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs

In April, Erick Tsang assumed the post of Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland affairs, the office that maintains relations between the HKSAR government and mainland Chinese government. He is designated for being responsible for or involved in developing, adopting, or implementing the National Security Law.

Xia Baolong, Director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council

In February 2020, Xia Baolong was announced as the newest Director for the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office, an organization within the State Council designed to assist the premier in dealing with affairs related to Hong Kong and Macao. The Office has stated that it is entitled to supervise affairs in Hong Kong, including implementation of the Basic Law of the HKSAR. Xia Baolong is designated for being a leader or official of a government entity that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, stability, or autonomy of Hong Kong.

Zhang Xiaoming, Deputy Director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council

Zhang Xiaoming is former Director and current Deputy Director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council, where he is in charge of daily operations. As Director, he backed the controversial 2019 Hong Kong extradition bill. He is designated for being a leader or official of a government entity that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, stability, or autonomy of Hong Kong.

Luo Huining, Director of the Hong Kong Liaison Office

Luo Huining is mainland China’s top official in Hong Kong, as the Director of the Hong Kong Liaison Office. The Liaison Office has claimed that it is entitled to intervene in Hong Kong affairs despite the Basic Law’s prohibition on interference in the affairs which the HKSAR administers in accordance with the Basic Law. Luo Huining is also a National Security Advisor to the Committee for Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong. He is designated for being a leader or official of a government entity that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, stability, or autonomy of Hong Kong.

Zheng Yanxiong, Director, Office for Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong

Zheng Yanxiong is the inaugural director of the newly created Office for Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong. The Office was established under the Hong Kong National Security Law and has broad powers to supervise local authorities and directly investigate major cases. As the Office’s Director, Zheng Yanxiong is designated for being a leader or official of a government entity that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, stability, or autonomy of Hong Kong.

Eric Chan, Secretary General, Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the HKSAR

Eric Chan, the director of the Chief Executive Office, was appointed by Beijing to be the Secretary General of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security as recently established by the Hong Kong National Security Law. The Committee’s work is not to be made public and its decisions are not subject to judicial review. As such, Eric Chan is designated for being responsible for or involved in developing, adopting, or implementing the National Security Law.

The United States stands with the people of Hong Kong in their ongoing pursuit of freedom and democracy. The 11 individuals designated today have implemented policies directly aimed at curbing freedom of expression and assembly, and democratic processes, and are subsequently responsible for the degradation of Hong Kong’s autonomy. The United States will use the authorities in the Executive Order to continue to pursue those that implement these nefarious policies.

Sanctions Implications

As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of the individuals named above, and of any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more by them, individually, or with other blocked persons, that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons, are blocked and must be reported to OFAC. Unless authorized by a general or specific license issued by OFAC or otherwise exempt, OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all transactions by U.S. persons or within (or transiting) the United States that involve any property or interests in property of designated or otherwise blocked persons. The prohibitions include the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any blocked person or the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods or services from any such person. More information on the entities designated today.

Links:

OFAC Notice

State Department Press Release

Treasury Department Press Release

Categories: Hong Kong-related sanctions OFAC Updates Sanctions Lists

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