Major expansion of OFAC Iran & non-proliferation designations

Earlier today, OFAC added the following persons:

ASGARI, Mansur, Iran; DOB 03 Jun 1958; POB Tehran, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; Passport A4249926 (Iran) (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

ATTARAN, Mohammad Mahdi Da’emi (a.k.a. ATTARAN, Mahdi; a.k.a. ATTARAN, Mohammad Mahdi); DOB 13 Jul 1979; POB Mashhad, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: PUYA ELECTRO SAMAN NIRU).

BARMI, Ruhollah Ghaderi, Iran; DOB 1979; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: SHAHID FAKHAR MOGHADDAM GROUP).

BORJI, Sa’id, Tehran, Iran; DOB 1958; POB Abadan, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; Passport F20784822 (Iran) (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: SHAHID KARIMI GROUP).

EBRAHIMI, Reza (a.k.a. EBRAHIMI, Mohammad); DOB 21 Mar 1973; POB Tehran, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR].

ETA’ATI, Gholam Reza; DOB 1973; POB Tehran, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

HAGHIGHIAN, Mohammad Hossein, Iran; DOB 1989; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: KIMIYA PAKHSH SHARGH).

HAJJLU, Jalal Emami Ghareh (a.k.a. HAJLOU, Jalal Emami Ghareh); DOB 21 Mar 1969; POB Gha’emshahr, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; Passport 2161567098(individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: SHAHID KARIMI GROUP).

HASHEMITABAR, Sayyed Asghar; DOB 23 Aug 1974; POB Sabzevar, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Passport A30439933 (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

MASOUMIAN, Mehdi (a.k.a. MASUMIAN, Mahdi), Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; National ID No. 0491942168 (Iran) (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

MEHDIPUR, Mohammad Reza; DOB 06 Aug 1975; POB Naein, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; National ID No. 1249481643 (Iran) (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: SHAHID KARIMI GROUP).

MOTALLEBIZADEH, Akbar; DOB 23 Jul 1963; POB Yazd, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; Passport R14123444 (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: SHAHID KARIMI GROUP).

SAFARI, Mohammad Javad, Tehran, Iran; DOB 07 Aug 1980; POB Borazjam, Dashtestan, Bushehr, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male; Passport G9345199 (Iran) (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: SHAHID FAKHAR MOGHADDAM GROUP).

SHAFA’I, Mohsen; DOB 1971; POB Tehran, Iran; nationality Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; Gender Male (individual) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: PUYA ELECTRO SAMAN NIRU).

and entities:

ABU REIHAN GROUP, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

BU ALI GROUP (a.k.a. BOALI GROUP), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

HEIDAR KARAR GROUP (a.k.a. HAYDAR KARAR CENTER; a.k.a. HEIDAR KARRAR RESEARCH GROUP), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

KIMIYA PAKHSH SHARGH (a.k.a. KIMIA PAKHSH SHARGH; a.k.a. KIMIYA PAKHSH SHARGH CO. LTD; a.k.a. KIMIYA PAKHSH SHARGH GROUP; a.k.a. “KIMIA”; a.k.a. “KIMIA CO., LTD.”), No. 6, West Zartosht Ave, Between Joybar & Valiasr, Tehran, Iran; West Zoroaster, Between Joybar and Valiasr, No. 6, Box: 42670, Tehran, Iran; First Floor, No. 10, The 11th Alley, Prideful Streets, Martyr Beheshti, Sarafraz Street, Beheshti Avenue, Tehran, Iran; No. 1, Next to Mehr Credit Institute, Zartosht Street, Tehran 1415863911, Iran; Website https://kps-co.com; alt. Website http://www.kps-co.com; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions; National ID No. 10102179854 (Iran); Registration Number 175612 (Iran) [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

PARADISE MEDICAL PIONEERS COMPANY, 4th Floor, Number 4, Ziba Alley, below the Zafar Gas Station, Shariati Street, Tehran, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

PUYA ELECTRO SAMAN NIRU (a.k.a. PULSE NIRU; a.k.a. PULSE NIRU CO.; a.k.a. PULSE NIRU INDUSTRIES; a.k.a. PULSENIRU INC.), 34 Ayazi Alley Morghab Street, Khoramashar Street, Tehran 1553633913, Iran; km 20 Damavand Road, Pardis Technologies Park, Noavari Fourth Avenue, No. 46, Tehran, Iran; Website http://pulseniru.com; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SADRA RESEARCH CENTER (a.k.a. SADRA CENTER), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID AVINI GROUP, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID BABA’I GROUP (a.k.a. SHAHID BABAEI GROUP), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID CHAMRAN GROUP, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID FAKHAR MOGHADDAM GROUP (a.k.a. SHAHID FAKHAR MOQADAM GROUP), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID KARIMI GROUP, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID KAZEMI GROUP, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID MOVAHHED DANESH GROUP (a.k.a. SHAHID MOVAHED DANESH GROUP), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID SHOKRI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER (a.k.a. SHAHID SHIKRI CENTER; a.k.a. SHAHID SHOKRI RESEARCH CENTER), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHAHID ZEINODDIN GROUP, Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

SHEIKH BAHA’I SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER (a.k.a. SHEIKH BAHAEI CENTER), Iran; Additional Sanctions Information – Subject to Secondary Sanctions [NPWMD] [IFSR] (Linked To: THE ORGANIZATION OF DEFENSIVE INNOVATION AND RESEARCH).

to its Iran and/or non-proliferation sanctions programs.

The State Department issued two press releases – here’s the lengthier and more-detailed one:

The Imposition of New U.S. Sanctions in Connection With a Key Iranian Nuclear Organization as Iran Refuses To Answer Questions Related to its Secret Nuclear Archive

Fact Sheet

Office of the Spokesperson

Washington, DC

March 22, 2019


Today, the Departments of State and the Treasury designated 31 Iranian entities and individuals under Executive Order (E.O.) 13382, which targets proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and WMD delivery systems and their supporters. The 14 individuals and 17 entities designated today are all linked to Iran’s Organization of Defensive Innovation and Research, also known by its Persian acronym, SPND.

Mohsen Fakhrizadeh – commonly known as the head of the Amad plan, Iran’s pre-2004 nuclear weapons program – established SPND in February 2011. According to the IAEA, work on the Amad plan was stopped pursuant to a “halt order” issued by the Iranian leadership in late 2003. However, Iran preserved its Amad-era records, and Fakhrizadeh assumed the principal organizational role as the head of SPND.

SPND has employed as many as 1500 individuals – including numerous researchers associated with the Amad plan, who continue to carry out dual-use research and development activities, of which aspects are potentially useful for nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons delivery systems. Further, SPND’s subordinate organizations spend millions of dollars each year on a broad spectrum of projects. The United States designated SPND under E.O. 13382 in November 2014 for its proliferation-sensitive activities.

As the world has learned from the recently-discovered secret Iranian nuclear archive – which revealed the names of some of the individuals sanctioned today – unanswered questions remain regarding Iran’s undisclosed past nuclear-related activities under the Amad plan, including activities related to the development of a nuclear payload for a missile.

These designations reaffirm the importance of demanding a full and honest accounting from Iran of its past nuclear weapons related activities, particularly in light of: (1) Iran’s decision to maintain a secret nuclear archive; (2) Fakhrizadeh’s continued leadership of SPND; (3) SPND scientists’ continued proliferation-sensitive research and experiments, and (4) SPND’s use of subsidiary organizations, front companies, and procurement agents to acquire dual-use items from third-country suppliers.

Our actions today show the flaws in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), why the United States was right to cease participation in it, and the importance of also permanently ensuring Iran is unable to reconstitute any past weapons-related activities in the future. This is why Secretary Pompeo has called for a new comprehensive deal that permanently ends all paths to a nuclear weapon, demands that Iran fully account for its past nuclear weapons activities, submit to unqualified International Atomic Energy Agency access, halt all enrichment activities, and close its heavy water reactor.

Today’s sanctions continue the U.S. efforts to exert maximum pressure on the Iranian regime to address the threat it poses to international peace and security. In addition to the blocking of any U.S. assets, the sanctioned individuals and entities will be denied access to the U.S. financial system and non-U.S. persons will be exposed to sanctions for providing material support to these targets.

Individuals working for Iran’s proliferation-related programs – including scientists, procurement agents, and technical experts – should be aware of the reputational and financial risk they expose themselves to by working for Iran’s nuclear program. Iran’s next generation of scientists has two paths: they can use their skills pursuing noble work outside of the WMD realm, or they can work for Iranian proliferation organizations and risk being sanctioned. Iranian technical experts should not waste their talent by working in support of Iran’s proliferation programs.

And here’s the shorter one:

United States Imposes New Nuclear Sanctions on Iran as it Refuses To Answer Questions Related to Its Secret Nuclear Archive

Press Statement

Robert Palladino 
Deputy Spokesperson

Washington, DC

March 22, 2019


The Trump administration continues to hold the Iranian regime accountable for activities that threaten the region’s stability and harm the Iranian people. This includes ensuring that Iran never develops a nuclear weapon.

Today, the United States designated 31 Iranian individuals and entities that have contributed to, supported, or are otherwise linked to Iran’s nuclear proliferation-sensitive activities. All of the targets designated are linked to Iran’s Organization of Defensive Innovation and Research (known by its Persian acronym as SPND) – an entity established by Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, the head of the regime’s past nuclear weapons program.

Pursuant to Executive Order 13382, these sanctions target proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their supporters. In addition to the blocking of any U.S. assets, designated targets will be denied access to the U.S. financial system.

The United States strongly condemns Iran’s efforts to maintain its band of former nuclear weapons researchers, preserve their work, and continue sensitive procurement activities. Other Iranian individuals who work for the regime’s nuclear program should know they risk being sanctioned by the United States

Links:

OFAC Notice

State Department Press Releases: 1, 2

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