Jama’a Nusrat ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin (JNIM) was created on 2 March 2017, as announced by its leader Iyad Ag Ghali (QDi.316) in a speech broadcasted by the media agency Al Zalaqa. JNIM has described itself as the official branch of Al-Qaida (QDe.004) in Mali and is an alliance of elements of the Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) (QDe.014) in the Sahel, Ansar Eddine (QDe.135), Al-Mourabitoun (QDe.141) and others. It is structured in several operational zones located in Northern Mali.
JNIM carried out numerous attacks against the Malian Defense and Security forces, the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSMA) and the French forces, which were claimed by the media agency Al Zalaqa. The organization also conducted an armed operation against the tourist resort “Le Campement Kangaba” near Bamako in June 2017.
JNIM claimed responsibility for the attack of 21 February 2018 in Mali, which resulted in the death of two French soldiers. The group also claimed the two simultaneous attacks against the French Embassy and the General Staff of the Burkinabe armed forces in Ouagadougou on 2 March 2018, and the attack against the Headquarters of the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel in Sevare on 29 June 2018.
The multiplicity of attacks carried out by JNIM threatens the peace process in Mali. Its leader Iyad ag Ghali (QDi.316) has openly pledged allegiance to Aiman Muhammed Rabi al-Zawahiri (QDi.006), the Al-Qaida leader, Abdelmalek Droukdel (QDi.232), the AQIM leader, and the leader of the Taliban.