March 29, 2018: SECO makes changes to South Sudan sanctions

Yesterday, Swiss authorities added the following 3 individuals: 

SSID: 195-38341 Name: Paul Malong

DOB: a) 2 Jan 1962 b) 12 Apr 1960 c) 4 Dec 1960 d) 30 Jan 1960 POB: a) Malualkon, Sudan b) Malualkon, South Sudan c) Warawar, Sudan d) Warawar, South Sudan Justification: Paul Malong was Chief of the General Staff of the SPLA (Sudan People’s Liberation Army) until May 2017. Although he has been removed from his position, he remains a highly influential figure as he commands control of several militia, has loyalties within the SPLA and has a large patronage network. His influence is also demonstrated by the facts that in Oct 2017 senior officers (including Lt. Col. Chan Garang) attempted to forcefully free Malong from house arrest; in Jan 2018, President Kiir accused Malong of mobilising for war. Malong also commanded troops that committed serious violations of human rights, including the targeting and killing of civilians and extensive destruction of villages. Modifications: Listed on 28 Mar 2018

SSID: 195-38357 Name: Michael Makuei Leuth

DOB: 1947 POB: a) Bor, South Sudan b) Bor, Sudan

Justification: Michael Makuei Leuth has held the position of Minister for Information and Broadcasting since 2013 and has been the public spokesman for the government delegation to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) peace talks. Makuei has obstructed the political process in South Sudan, in particular by obstructing the implementation of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) of Aug 2015 through inflammatory public statements and obstructing the work of the ARCSS Joint Monitoring Evaluation Committee and the establishment of the ARCSS Transitional Justice Institutions. He has also obstructed the operations of the UN’s Regional Protection Force (RPF). Makuei is also responsible for serious violations of human rights, including restrictions on freedom of expression. Modifications: Listed on 28 Mar 2018

SSID: 195-38365 Name: Malek Reuben Riak

Title: Lieutenant General DOB: 1 Jan 1960 POB: Yei, South Sudan

Justification: a) Malek Reuben Riak has served as Deputy Chief of Defence Staff and Inspector General of the government’s army since May 2017. Prior to that, he served as Deputy Chief of Staff of the SPLA for Training (March 2016 – May 2017), and Deputy Chief of the SPLA (Jan 2013- March 2016). As Deputy Chief of Defence Staff, he played a key role in procuring weapons for the army. b) Malek Reuben Riak was identified by the UN Panel of Experts as a senior official responsible for planning and overseeing the execution of the government offensive in Unity state in Apr 2015. Serious human rights violations were committed, which included the systematic destruction of villages and infrastructure, the forced displacement of the local population, the indiscriminate killing and torturing of civilians, the widespread use of sexual violence, including against the elderly and children, and the abduction and recruitment of children as soldiers. This offensive, in the context of the ongoing peace talks between the government and the opposition, has obstructed the political process by acts of violence. Modifications: Listed on 28 Mar 2018

to the South Sudan sanctions list.


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