Democratic Republic of the Congo: EU adopts sanctions against a further 9 people
The Council has adopted restrictive measures against 9 individuals who hold positions of responsibility in the State administration and in the chain of command of the security forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), with immediate effect. They join the 7 people on whom the EU imposed sanctions as of 12 December 2016 in response to the obstruction of the electoral process and related human rights violations.***
EU declaration on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The European Union remains seriously concerned by the deterioration of the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
The crisis in Kasai Province has reached an exceptional level in security and humanitarian terms and as regards human rights. While strongly condemning all acts of violence irrespective of their origin, the EU is concerned about reports of disproportionate use of force by State bodies, especially the security forces, in managing the crisis. It urges the DRC authorities to act in compliance with human rights and fundamental freedoms and to initiate, without delay, credible and transparent investigations, flanked by high-level international expertise to enhance their credibility and independence, to identify those responsible for acts of violence and massacres. It stresses the need for MONUSCO to be able to exercise its mandate in full and for humanitarian access to the areas affected by the crisis to be guaranteed.
The EU also remains concerned by the continuing restrictions on the democratic space and fundamental rights, including restrictions on the media and the prohibition of demonstrations.
On the political front, the EU expresses its concern about the lack of a consensus to take forward the transition. It reiterates that in order to exit the crisis on a sustainable footing, the transition must lead to democratic and transparent elections, held as soon as possible and in compliance with the Constitution and the Political Agreement of 31 December 2016. It is particularly necessary to act in good faith to set up genuinely inclusive transitional institutions and to swiftly implement measures to ease tension, both of which are key to an open and calm electoral environment. A space for unimpeded expression and debate is vital to allow citizens to speak freely as they prepare for the elections.
The electoral process remains the main challenge of the coming months, starting with the defining of an consensual electoral calendar and budget in accordance with the Political Agreement. Compliance with UNSC resolution 2348 and the commitments made under the Political Agreement will enable the European Union to support this process. The setting of a timetable will guide the process and enable support from regional and international partners to be mobilised in good time. The EU encourages and supports the efforts made along these lines by the United Nations, the African Union, the International Organisation for the French-Speaking World and the other international partners.
The critical socio-economic situation, aggravated by poor governance and the misappropriation of national resources, leaves a large proportion of the population, and especially young people, with few future prospects and constitutes a risk of destabilisation. In view of the significant deterioration of the situation, and as indicated in its conclusions of 6 March 2017, the EU took the decision today to impose new restrictive measures against 9 individuals responsible for serious human rights violations.
The European Union will follow closely the political developments and human rights developments over the next few months and, depending on how they turn out, it may consider additional restrictive measures or, conversely, withdraw some of them. In this connection it reiterates its willingness to engage in a political dialogue at the highest level in accordance with Article 8 of the Cotonou Agreement.***
Today’s decision concerns the former and current ministers for the Interior, the governor of Central Kasaï, the former governor of Haut-Katanga, two senior officers, a militia leader, and the director of the National Intelligence Service, listed for having contributed to acts constituting serious human rights violations in the DRC, by planning, directing or committing them. The Minister for Communications and Media and government spokesman is also listed as responsible for the repressive media policy applied in the DRC, which breaches the right to freedom of expression and information and undermines a consensual and peaceful solution towards the holding of elections.
The names of the individuals concerned and the reasons why the Council has listed them appear in the Official Journal of 29 May 2017. The restrictive measures take effect immediately. They include a ban on entering the EU and an asset freeze, as well as a prohibition to make funds or economic resources available to the listed individuals.
The Official Journal lists the following persons being added:
Name Identifying information Grounds for designation Evariste Boshab, former Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security a.k.a Evariste Boshab Mabub Ma Bileng.
POB: Tete Kalamba (DRC).
Diplomatic passport number: DP 0000003 (valid: 21.12.2015 – expiry: 20.12.2020).
Schengen visa expired on 5.1.2017.
In his capacity as Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security from December 2014 to December 2016, Evariste Boshab was officially re sponsible for the police and security ser vices and coordinating the work of prov incial governors. In this capacity, he was responsible for arrests of activists and opposition members, as well as dispro portionate use of force, including be tween September 2016 and December 2016 in response to demonstrations in Kinshasa, which resulted in a large num ber of civilians being killed or injured by security services. Evariste Boshab was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute se rious human rights violations in DRC. Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga DOB: circa 1974 in Tanganyika province.
As he was the leader of the Bakata Ka tanga militia between 2011 and 2016, Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga was involved in serious human rights violations and war crimes such as killings and attacks against civilians, notably in rural zones of the Katanga region.
Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga is currently the leader of an armed group involved in hu man rights abuses in the Kasai Province and supporting governmental forces committing human rights violations. Gé déon Kyungu Mutanga has therefore been involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights abuses or violations in DRC.
Alex Kande Mupompa, Governor of Kasai Central a.k.a Alexandre Kande Mupomba; Kande-Mupompa.
DOB: 23.9.1950. POB: Kananga (DRC).
DRC passport number: OP 0024910 (valid: 21.3.2016 – expiry: 20.3.2021).
Address: Messidorlaan 217/25, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
DRC and Belgian nationalities.
As Governor of Kasai Central, Alex Kande Mupompa is responsible for the ongoing disproportionate use of force, violent repression and extrajudicial kill ings committed by security forces and the PNC in Kasai Central from 2016, in cluding the alleged unlawful killings of Kamiuna Nsapu militia members and ci vilians in Mwanza Lomba, Kasai Central, in February 2017.
Alex Kande Mupompa was therefore in volved in planning, directing, or commit ting acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.
Name Identifying information Grounds for designation Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda, former Governor of Haut-Katanga DOB: 17.5.1963.
POB: Kashobwe (DRC). DRC nationality.
As Governor of Haut Katanga until April 2017, Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and violent repression com mitted by security forces and the PNC in Haut Katanga, including between 15 and 31 December 2016, when 12 civilians were killed and 64 were injured as a re sult of the use of lethal force by security forces including PNC agents in response to protests in Lubumbashi.
Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute se rious human rights violations in DRC.
Lambert Mende, Minister of Communications and Media, and spokesperson of the Government a.k.a Lambert Mende Omalanga.
DOB: 11.2.1953. POB: Okolo (DRC).
Diplomatic passport number: DB0001939 (issued: 4.5.2017 – expiring: 3.5.2022).
As Communications and Media Minister since 2008, Lambert Mende is respon sible for the repressive media policy ap plied in DRC, which breaches the right to freedom of expression and informa tion and undermines a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC. On 12 November 2016, he adopted a decree limiting the possibility for foreign media outlets to broadcast in the DRC.
In breach of the political agreement settled on 31 December 2016 between the presidential majority and opposition parties, broadcasts have not resumed for a number of media outlets as at May 2017.
In his capacity as Communications and Media Minister, Lambert Mende is there fore responsible for obstructing a consen sual and peaceful solution towards elec tions in DRC, including by acts of violence, repression or inciting violence, or by undermining the rule of law.
Muhindo Akili Mundos, FARDC Commander 31st Brigade a.k.a Charles Muhindo Akili Mundos; Charles Muhindo Akilimani Mundos.
DOB: 10.11.1972. POB: Kirotse (DRC).
Military ID number: 1-72-96- 80384-52.
Muhindo Akili Mundos was the FARDC commander of the Sukola I operation re sponsible for military operations against the ADF from August 2014 to June 2015. He recruited and equipped former fighters from a local armed group to par ticipate in extrajudicial killings and mas sacres that began in October 2014.
Muhindo Akili Mundos was therefore in volved in planning, directing, or commit ting acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.
Name Identifying information Grounds for designation Brigadier General Eric Ruhorimbere, Deputy Commander of the 21st military region (Mbuji- Mayi) a.k.a Eric Ruhorimbere Ruhanga;Tango Two; Tango Deux.
POB: Minembwe (DRC).
Military ID number: 1-69-09- 51400-64.
As Deputy Commander of the 21st mili tary region since 18 September 2014, Eric Ruhorimbere was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and ex trajudicial killings perpetrated by FARDC forces, notably against the Nsapu militia and women and children.
Eric Ruhorimbere was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.
Ramazani Shadari, Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security a.k.a Emmanuel Ramazani Shadari Mulanda; Shadary.
DOB: 29.11.1960. POB: Kasongo (DRC). DRC nationality.
As Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security since 20 December 2016, Ramazani Shadari is officially re sponsible for the police and security ser vices and coordinating the work of prov incial governors. In this capacity, he is responsible for the recent arrests of acti vists and opposition members, as well as the disproportionate use of force since his appointment, such as the violent crackdown on members of the Bundu Dia Kongo (BDK) movement in Kongo Central, the repression in Kinshasa over January-February 2017 and the dispro portionate use of force and violent re pression in Kasai provinces.
In this capacity, Ramazani Shadari is therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute se rious human rights violations in DRC.
Kalev Mutondo, Head (formally Administrator- General) of the National Intelligence Service (ANR) a.k.a Kalev Katanga Mutondo, Kalev Motono, Kalev Mutundo, Kalev Mutoid, Kalev Mutombo, Kalev Mutond, Kalev Mutondo Katanga, Kalev Mutund.
As long-term Head of the National Intel ligence Service (ANR), Kalev Mutondo is involved in and responsible for the arbi trary arrest, detention and mistreatment of opposition members, civil society acti vists and others. He has therefore under mined the rule of law and obstructed a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC, as well as planning or directing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.