October 12, 2016: Swiss change Syria sanctions

On Wednesday, SECO modified 22 individual sanctions listings under the Syrian sanctions program:

SSID: 200-11625 Name: Maher Al-Assad
DOB: 8 Dec 1967 POB: Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: Mahir Identification document: Diplomatic passport No. 4138, Syrian Arab Republic Justification: Member of the Syria Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011; Major General of the 42nd Brigade and former Brigadier Commander of the Army’sArmy’s 4th Armoured Division, member of Ba’ath Party Central Command, strongmanDivision. Member of the Republican GuardAssad family; brother of President Bashar Al-Assad; principal overseer of violence against demonstratorsAl-Assad. Relation: a) Husband of Manal Al-Assad (SSID 200-12250) b) Brother of Bashar Al-Assad (SSID 200-11614) Other information: Major General of the 42nd Brigade and former Brigadier Commander of the Army’s 4th Armoured Division Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-11641 Name: Mohammad Ibrahim Al-Sha’ar
DOB: 1956 POB: Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Mohamed (Muhammad, Mohammed) b) Al-Chaar (Al-Shaar)
Justification: Minister of the InteriorInterior in power after May 2011. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime’s violent repression againstof the civilian populationSyrian people. Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-11646 Name: Atej Najib
POB: Jablah, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Atef (Atif) b) Najeeb Justification: Former Head of the Political Security Directorate in Dara’aDara’a. Involved in violence against demonstrators. Member of the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar Al- Assad; involved in violence against demonstratorsAl-Assad. Relation: Cousin of Bashar Al- Assad (SSID 200-11614) Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-11652 Name: Hafiz MakhlufMakhlouf
DOB: 2 Apr 1971 POB: Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Hafez b) Makhlouf Identification document: Diplomatic passport No. 2246, Syrian Arab Republic Justification: Former Colonel and Head of Unit in General Intelligence Directorate, Damascus Branch; cousinBranch in post after May 2011. Member of the Makhlouf family; Cousin of President Bashar Al-Assad; close to Maher Al-Assad; involved in violence against demonstratorsAl-Assad. Relation: a) Cousin of Bashar Al-Assad (SSID 200-11614) b) Close to Maher Al-Assad (SSID 200-11625) Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-11685 Name: Jamil Hassan
DOB: 1953 POB: Homs, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Jameel b) al-Hassan Justification: Officer of the rank of Major-General in the Syrian Air Force in post after May 2011. Head of Syrian Air Force Intelligence; involvedIntelligence in violencepost after May 2011. Responsible for violent repression against the civilian populationpopulation in Syria. Other information: Head of Syrian Air Force Intelligence Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016
 

SSID: 200-11898 Name: Munir Adanov
Title: Lieutenant-General DOB: 1951 POB: Homs, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Mounir (Mouneer, Monir, Moneer, Muneer) b) Adnuf (Adanof) Identification document: Passport No. 0000092405, Syrian Arab Republic
Justification: Officer of the rank of Lieutenant General and Deputy Chief of General Staff, Operations and Training for the Syrian Army. DirectlyArmy in post after May 2011. In his position as Deputy Chief of General Staff he was directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Syria. Other information: a) Position: Deputy Chief of General Staff, Operations and Training, Syrian Army b) Rank: Lieutenant-General, Syrian Arab Army Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-11951 Name: Ali Abdullah Ayyub
Title: Lieutenant General Good quality a.k.a.: a) Abdallah b) Ayyoub (Ayub, Ayoub, Ayob) Justification: DeputyOfficer of the rank of General in the Syrian Army in post after May 2011. Chief of General Staff (Personnelof the Syrian Armed Forces. Person supporting the Assad regime and Manpower). Responsibleresponsible for the use ofrepression and violence against protestors acrossthe civilian population in Syria. Other information: a) Position: Chief of General Staff of the Syrian Arab Army and Armed Forces since 18 Jul 2012 b) Rank: General in Syrian Arab Army Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-11955 Name: Fahd Jasim al-Furayj
Title: LieutenantLt. General DOB: 1 Jan 1950 POB: Hama, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Jasem (Jassim, JassemFahid (Fahed) b) Jasem (Jassim, Jassem) c) Al- Freij

Justification: Officer of the rank of General in the Syrian Army. Deputy Commander in Chief of General staff the Syrian Armed Forces. Minister of Defence. Responsible for the repression and use of violence against protestors across the civilian population in Syria. Other information: a) Positions: Minister of Defence, Deputy Commander in Chief of the Syrian Armed Forces b) Rank: Lt. General Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016 

SSID: 200-11977 Name: Zuhair Hamad
Title: Major General POB: Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: Zouheir (Zuheir, Zouhair)
Justification: Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011. Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the use of violence across Syria and for intimidationrepression, human rights abuses and torture of protestorsviolence against the civilian population in Syria. Relation: Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate (SSID 200-12366) Other information: a) Current position: Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate (a.k.a. General Security Directorate) since July 2012 b) Rank: Major General Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-12235 Name: Bushra Al-Assad
DOB: 24 Oct 1960 Good quality a.k.a.: a) ShawkatBouchra b) Shawkat (Al Assad) Justification: SisterMember of Bashar Al-Assad and widow of Asif Shawkat, Deputy Chiefthe Assad family; sister of Staff for Security and ReconnaissanceBashar Al-Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to the Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime. Relation: Sister of Bashar Al-Assad (SSID 200-11614) Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 23 Jun 2014, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-12241 Name: Asma Al-Assad
DOB: 11 Aug 1975 POB: London, United Kingdom Good quality a.k.a.: a) Al Akhras b) Fawaz Identification document: Passport No. 707512830, Syrian Arab Republic, Expiry date: 22 Sep 2020
Justification: WifeMember of the Assad family and closely connected to key regime figures; wife of President Bashar Al-Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to the Syrian President, Bashar Al-Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime. Relation: Wife of Bashar Al-Assad (SSID 200-11614) Other information: Maiden name: Al Akhras Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-28009 Name: Suleiman Al Abbas
Justification: Oil and Mineral Resources MinisterMinister in power after May 2011. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime’s violent repression againstof the civilian populationSyrian people. Modifications: Listed on 5 Aug 2014, amended on 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-28029 Name: Ismael Ismael
DOB: 1955 Good quality a.k.a.: a) Ismail (Isma’il) b) Ismail (Isma’il)
Justification: Syrian Government Minister in power after May 2011; Finance Minister. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime’s violent repression against the civilian population. Modifications: Listed on 5 Aug 2014, amended on 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-28777 Name: Suhayl HasanHassan
Title: a) Colonel b) Lieutenant Colonel c) Brigadier GeneralMajor-General DOB: 1970 POB: Jableh, Latakia Province, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Sohail (SuhailSuhail, Suheil) b) al-Hasan (HassanHasan (al-Hasan, al-Hassan) c) al-Nimir (The TigerThe Tiger (al-Nimr)

Justification: Military commander forOfficer of the rank of Major-General in the Syrian regime, responsibleArmy after May 2011. Commander of army division known as ‘Tiger Forces’. Responsible for violent repression ofagainst the civilian population; supports the regimepopulation in Syria. Other information: a) Position: Commander of Qawat al-Nimr (Tiger Forces) b) Rank: Major-General Modifications: Listed on 10 Sep 2014, amended on 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016
 
 
 
 

SSID: 200-29813 Name: Houmam Jaza’iri
DOB: 1977 Good quality a.k.a.: a) Humam (Hammam) b) al-Jazaeri (al-Jazairi) Justification: Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade since 27 Aug 2014in power after May 2011. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime’s violent repression againstof the civilian populationSyrian people. Modifications: Listed on 17 Dec 2014, amended on 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-29895 Name: Ghassan Ahmed Ghannan
Title: Major General Good quality a.k.a.: a) Ahmad b) Ghanem c) Brigadier General Justification: Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011. Major General and commander of the 155th Missile Brigade. Associated with Maher al-Assad through his role in the 155th Missile Brigade. As commander of the 155155th Missile Brigade, he is supporting the Syrian regime and he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population. Responsible for firing at least 25 Scud Missiles at various civilian sites between JanJanuary and Mar 2013. Associated with Maher al-AssadMarch 2013. Relation: Associated with Maher Al-Assad (SSID 200-11625) Other information: a) Position: Commander of the 155th Missile Brigade b) Rank: Major General Modifications: Listed on 17 Dec 2014, amended on 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-30613 Name: Bayan Bitar
DOB: 8 Mar 1947 Good quality a.k.a.: a) Dr. b) Al-Bitar Address: P.O.Box 11037, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Nationality: Syrian Arab Republic
Justification: a) Managing Director of the Organisation for Technological Industries (OTI), and the Syrian Company for Information Technology (SCIT), which are both subsidiaries of the Syrian Ministry of Defence, which has been designateddesignated by the Council. OTI assists in the production of chemical weapons for the Syrian regime. As Managing Director of OTI and the SCIT Bayan Bitar provides support to the Syrian regime. Due to his role in the production of chemical weapons, he also shares responsibility for the violent repression against the Syrian population. In view of his senior position in these entities, he is also associated with the designated entities OTI and SCIT. b) OTI assists in the production of chemical weapons for the Syrian regime. c) As Managing Director of OTI and the SCIT Bayan Bitar provides support to the Syrian regime. Due to his role in the production of chemical weapons, he also shares responsibility for the violent repression against the Syrian population. d) In view of his senior position in these entities, he is also associated with the designated entities OTI and SCIT Relation: a) Managing Director of the Organisation for Technological Industries (OTI) (SSID 200-30694) b) Managing Director of the Syrian Company for Information Technology (SCIT) (SSID 200-30703) Modifications: Listed on 18 Mar 2015, amended on 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-30620 Name: Ghassan Abbas

Title: Brigadier General DOB: 10 Mar 1960 POB: Homs, Syrian Arab Republic Address: a) CERS, Centre d’Etude et de Recherche Scientifique, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic b) SSRC, Scientific Studies and Research Center; Centre de Recherche de Kaboun Barzeh Street, P.O.Box 4470, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic

Justification: a) Manager of the branch of the designated Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC/CERS) near Jumraya/JmraiyaJumraya/Jmraiya. He has been involved in the proliferation of chemical weapons and the organisation of chemical weapons attacks, including in Ghouta in August 2013. He therefore shares responsibility for the violent repression against the Syrian population. As manager of the SSRC/CERS branch near Jumraya/Jmraiya, Ghassan Abbas provides support to the Syrian regime. As a result of his senior position in the SSRC, he is also associated with the designated entity SSRC. b) He has been involved in the proliferation of chemical weapons and the organisation of chemical weapons attacks, including in Ghouta in Aug 2013. He therefore shares responsibility for the violent repression against the Syrian population. c) As manager of the SSRC/CERS branch near Jumraya/Jmraiya, Ghassan Abbas provides support to the Syrian regime. d) As a result of his senior position in the SSRC, he is also associated with the designated entity SSRC. Relation: Manager of the Centre d’études et de recherches syrien (CERS) (SSID 200- 12445) Modifications: Listed on 18 Mar 2015, amended on 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-30629 Name: Wael Abdulkarim
DOB: 30 Sep 1973 POB: Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: Al Karim Address: Al Karim for Trade and Industry, P.O.Box 111, Damascus, 5797, Syrian Arab Republic
Justification: Leading businessperson operating in Syria in the oil, chemicals and manufacturing industries. Specifically, he represents Abdulkarim Group, a.k.a Al Karim Group/Alkarim for Trade and Industry/Al Karim Trading and Industry/Al Karim for Trade and Industry. Abdulkarim Group is a leading manufacturer of lubricants, greases and industrial chemicals in Syria. Relation: Represents Abdulkarim Group (SSID 200-29931) Other information: POB: Damascus, Syria (of Palestinian origin) Modifications: Listed on 18 Mar 2015, amended on 3 Jun 2015, 19 Jan 2016, 10 Jun 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-30640 Name: Ahmad Barqawi
DOB: 1985 POB: Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: Ahmed Address: a) Pangates International Corp Ltd, P.O.Box Sharjah Airport International Free Zone, United Arab Emirates b) Al Karim for Trade and Industry, P.O.Box 111, Damascus, 5797, Syrian Arab Republic

Justification: a) General Manager of Pangates International Corp Ltd, which acts as an intermediary in the supply of oil to the Syrian regime, and manager of Al Karim Group. Both Pangates International and Al Karim Group have been designateddesignated. As General Manager of Pangates and a manager of Pangates’ parent company, Al Karim Group, Ahmad Barqawi provides support to, and benefits from the Syrian regime. Given his senior position in Pangates and Al Karim Group, he is also associated with the designated entities Pangates International and Al Karim Group. b) As General Manager of Pangates and a manager of Pangates’ parent company, Al Karim Group, Ahmad Barqawi provides support to, and benefits from the Syrian regime. Given his senior position in Pangates and Al Karim Group, he is also associated with the designated entities Pangates International and Al Karim Group. Relation: a) General Manager of Pangates International Corp Ltd (SSID 200- 29924) b) Manager of Abdulkarim Group (SSID 200-29931) Modifications: Listed on 18 Mar 2015, amended on 3 Jun 2015, 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016 

SSID: 200-30662 Name: Emad Hamsho
Good quality a.k.a.: a) Imad b) Hmisho (Hamchu, Hamcho, Hamisho, Hmeisho, Hemasho) Address: Hamsho Building, 31 Baghdad Street, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Justification: a) Occupies a senior management position in Hamsho TradingTrading. As a result of his senior position in Hamsho Trading, a subsidiary of Hamsho International, which has been designated, he provides support to the Syrian regime. He is also associated with a designated entity, Hamsho International. He is also vice-president of the Syrian Council of Iron and Steel alongside designated regime businessmen such as Ayman Jaber. He is also an associate of Bashar Al-Assad. b) As a result of his senior position in Hamsho Trading, a subsidiary of Hamsho International, which has been designated, he provides support to the Syrian regime. He is also associated with a designated entity, Hamsho International. c) Emad Hamsho funds Shabiha militias who in turn collect steel from the areas destroyed by the Syrian regime armed forces and militias and melt it down in local Syria Steel (Hmisho Steel) factories. He is also vice-president of the Syrian Council of Iron and Steel alongside designated regime businessmen such as Ayman Jaber. He is also an associate of Bashar Al-Assad. Relation: a) Associated with Hamcho International (SSID 200-12352) b) Associate of Bashar Al-Assad (SSID 200-11614) Modifications: Listed on 18 Mar 2015, amended on 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-31451 Name: Muhamad Mahalla
Title: General DOB: 1960 POB: Jableh, Lattakia, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: a) Mohamed (Muhammad) b) Mahla (Mualla, Maalla, Muhalla)
Justification: a) Head of the Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI), Branch 293 (Internal Affairs), since AprApril 2015. Responsible for repression and violence against the civilian population in Damascus/Damascus countrysidecountryside. Former Deputy Head of Political Security (2012), Officer of the Syrian Republican Guard and Vice-Director of the Political Security Directorate. Head of Military Police, Member of the National Security Bureau. b) Former Deputy Head of Political Security (2012), Officer of the Syrian Republican Guard and Vice- Director of the Political Security Directorate. Head of Military Police, Member of the National Security Bureau. Modifications: Listed on 17 Jun 2015, amended on 19 Jan 2016, 11 Oct 2016 

And delisted the following persons:

SSID: 200-11720 Name: Hisham Ikhtiyar
DOB: 20 Jul 1941 POB: Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic Good quality a.k.a.: Al Ikhtiyar (Bikhtiyar, Bikhtyar, Bekhtyar, Bikhtiar)
Justification: Head of Syrian National Security Bureau; involved in violence against the civilian population. He is reported to have died because of the bombing of 18 Jul 2012. Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, de-listed on 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-12228 Name: Anisa Al-Assad
DOB: 1934 Good quality a.k.a.: Anissa (Aneesa, Aneessa, Anisah)
Justification: Mother of President Al-Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to the Syrian President, Bashar Al-Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime. Relation: Mother of Bashar Al-Assad (SSID 200-11614) Other information: Maiden name: Makhlouf. Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, de-listed on 11 Oct 2016

SSID: 200-22367 Name: Fahd Jassem Al Freij
Title: Major General Good quality a.k.a.: Al-Furayj
Justification: Minister of Defence and military commander. As Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime’s violent repression against the civilian population. Modifications: Amended on 6 Nov 2013, 19 Jan 2016, de-listed on 11 Oct 2016 

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