October 10, 2016: Australia renews terror listings

On Monday, the Australian Minister of Foreign Affairs renewed terrorism listings under the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945:

Primary Name:                Real IRA

Aliases:                            RIRA, The New IRA, 32 County Sovereignty Committee, Irish Republican Army, IRA, Republican Action Against Drugs (RAAD), Real Irish Republican Army, Real Óglaigh na hÉireann

Address:                          Northern Ireland

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 21 December 2001. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  The Real IRA (RIRA) is an Irish republican paramilitary organisation based in Northern Ireland. Founded in 1997, it was originally composed of former members of the Provisional IRA (PIRA) who opposed the PIRA’s engagement in the peace process that would eventually lead to the Good Friday peace agreement in 1998. In July 2012, the RIRA announced that it was merging with the Republican Action Against Drugs (RAAD) and a coalition of unaffiliated armed republican groups into ‘a unified structure, under a single leadership’ and reclaiming the banner of the ‘Irish Republican Army’, and also now known as the ‘New IRA’.

Primary Name:                Continuity IRA

Aliases:                            CIRA

Address:                          Northern Ireland

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 20 March 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  The Continuity IRA (CIRA) is an extreme militant Irish republican group that emerged from a split in the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) and became active in opposition to PIRA’s ceasefire declaration in 1994.

Primary Name:                Loyalist Volunteer Force

Aliases:                            LVF

Address:                          Northern Ireland

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 20 March 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) was formed in 1996 from disaffected members of the mid-Ulster brigade of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).

Primary Name:                Orange Volunteers

Aliases:                            OV, Orange Volunteer Force, OVF

Address:                          Northern Ireland

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 20 March 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  The original ‘Orange Volunteers’ (OV) was a loyalist paramilitary group, which formed in the early 1970s and was associated with the ‘Orange Order’ (one of the unionist Protestant fraternal societies in Northern Ireland). During the 1980s the Orange Order disbanded. In 1998, a loyalist paramilitary group using the name ‘Orange Volunteers’, claimed responsibility for a number of attacks.

Primary Name:                Ulster Defence Association

Aliases:                            UDA, Ulster Freedom Fighters, UFF 

Address:                          Northern Ireland

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 20 March 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) is the largest loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland history. It was formed in September 1971 from a number of loyalist vigilante groups.

Primary Name:                Red Hand Defenders

Aliases:                            RHD

Address:                          Northern Ireland

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 20 March 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

 

Additional information:  The Red Hand Defenders (RHD) is a loyalist paramilitary entity that formed in 1998. The RHD opposes the peace process and peace agreements, including the Good Friday Agreement.

Primary Name:                Aum Shinrikyo

Aliases:                            AIC Comprehensive Research Institute, AIC Sogo Kenkyusho, Aleph, Aum Supreme Truth, Hikari no Wa, Circle of Light

Address:                          Japan, Russia

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 21 December 2001. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  Aum Shinrikyo is a Japanese cult that combines tenets from Buddhism and Hinduism. The movement was founded by Shoko Asahara in Tokyo in 1984, starting off as a yoga and meditation class and steadily growing to gain official status as a religious organisation in 1989. The Japanese government revoked its recognition of AUM as a religious organisation following AUM’s deadly sarin gas attack on three subway lines in Tokyo in 1995. 

Primary Name:                Babbar Khalsa

Aliases:                            Babba Khalsa; Babba Khalsa International

Address:                          India and Pakistan.

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 12 June 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  Tracing its origin back to 1920, Babbar Khalsa is one of the oldest and most organised Sikh terrorist-secessionist groups. Babbar Khalsa in its present form, however, appears to have been established in 1980.

Primary Name:                International Sikh Youth Federation

Aliases:                            ISYF

Address:                          Pakistan, UK and India

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 16 June 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  The International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF) is a secessionist group founded in the United Kingdom in 1984 as the international arm of the All Indian Sikh Students’ Federation. Chapters of ISYF were later opened throughout the UK, Germany, Canada and the United States.

Primary Name:                Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Aliases:                            LTTE; Tamil Tigers; Ellalan Force

Address:                          Sri Lanka

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 21 December 2001. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 9 October 2013.

Additional information:  The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam is a Sri Lankan separatist militant group that was formed in 1976 by Vellupillai Prabhakaran. The LTTE’s primary stated objective is to establish an independent Tamil homeland in north and eastern Sri Lanka. 

Primary Name:                New People’s Army/Communist Party of the Philippines

Aliases:                            NPA

Address:                          Philippines

Original listing date:       First listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 28 October 2002. The Minister for Foreign Affairs declared that the listing would continue in effect on 18 November 2013.

Additional information:  Formed in March 1969. The New People’s Army is the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines. The CPP seeks to create a Communist State within the Philippines through engaging in a ‘protracted people’s war’ and ‘guerrilla warfare’.

 

Under this Act, designations must be renewed every 3 years (unlike the UK’s Terrorist Asset-Freezing etc Act 2010, whose listings are valid for 1 year).

These were actually done in two separate sets of designations, which were published in the government Gazette.

Links:

Gazette Notice 1

Gazette Notice 2

 

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