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August 12, 2014: SECO updated DRC sanctions

On Tuesday, Swiss regulators added a new entity:

SSID: 100-27961 Name: Allied Democratic Forces (ADF)

Good quality a.k.a.: a) Forces démocratiques alliées – Armée nationale de libération de
l’Ouganda
b) ADF/NALU c) Islamic Alliance of Democratic Forces Address: North Kivu
Province, Congo DR

Justification: a) The ADF has recruited and used child soldiers in violation of applicable
international law (UNSCR paragraph 4 (d)). The United Nations Group of Experts on the
Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (“GOE”) 2013 final report stated that the GOE
interviewed three former ADF fighters who had escaped during 2013 and who described
how ADF recruiters in Uganda lure people to the DRC with false promises of employment
(for adults) and free education (for children) and then force them to join the ADF. Also
according to the GOE’s report, former ADF fighters told the GOE that the ADF’s training
groups typically include adult men and boys and two boys who escaped from the ADF in
2013 told the GOE that they had received military training from the ADF. The GOE report
also includes an account of ADF’s training by a “former ADF child soldier”. According to the
GOE’s 2012 final report, the ADF recruits include children, as exemplified by the case of an
ADF recruiter who was captured by Ugandan authorities in Kasese with six young boys on
his way to the DRC in Jul 2012. A specific example of the ADF’s recruitment and use of
children is seen in a 6 Jan 2009 letter from the former Africa Director for Human Rights
Watch, Georgette Gagnon, to Uganda’s former Minister of Justice, Kiddhu Makubuyu,
stating that a boy named Bushobozi Irumba was abducted at 9 years of age by the ADF in
2000. He was required to provide transport and other services to ADF fighters. In addition,
“The Africa Report” cited allegations that the ADF is allegedly recruiting children as young as
10 years of age as child soldiers and cited a Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF)
spokesperson as stating that the UPDF rescued 30 children from a training camp on
Buvuma Island in Lake Victoria.
b) The ADF has also committed numerous violations of
international human rights and international humanitarian law against women and children,
including killing, maiming, and sexual violence (UNSCR paragraph 4 (e)). According to the
GOE 2013 final report, in 2013 the ADF attacked numerous villages, which prompted more
than 66,000 people to flee into Uganda. These attacks depopulated a large area, which ADF
has since controlled by abducting or killing people who return to their villages. Between Jul
and Sep 2013, ADF decapitated at least five people in the Kamango area, shot several
others, and kidnapped dozens more. These actions terrorized the local population and
deterred people from returning home. The Global Horizontal Note, a monitoring and
reporting mechanism of grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict,
reported to the Security Council’s Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC)
that during the Oct to Dec 2013 reporting period, ADF was responsible for 14 of the 18 child
casualties documented, including in an incident on 11 Dec 2013, in Beni territory, North Kivu,
when ADF attacked the village of Musuku, killing 23 people, including 11 children (three girls
and eight boys), aged 2 months to 17 years. All victims had all been severely mutilated with
machetes, including two children who survived the attack. The Mar 2014 Report of the
Secretary General on Conflict Related Sexual Violence identifies the “Allied Democratic
Forces — National Army for the Liberation of Uganda” on its list of “Parties credibly
suspected of committing or being responsible for rape or other forms of sexual violence in
situations of armed conflict.”
c) The ADF has also participated in attacks against the UN
Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) peacekeepers (UNSCR
paragraph 4 (i)). MONUSCO reported that ADF has conducted at least two attacks on
MONUSCO peacekeepers. The first, on 14 Jul 2013, was an attack on a MONUSCO patrol
on the road between Mbau and Kamango. This attack is detailed in the 2013 GOE final
report. The second attack occurred on 3 Mar 2014. A MONUSCO vehicle was attacked with
grenades 10 kilometres from the Mavivi airport in Beni, resulting in injuries to five
peacekeepers.
Relation: The ADF’s leader is Mukulu Jamil (SSID 100-3217) Other
information: a)
The AFD was created in 1995 and is located in the mountainous DRC-
Uganda border area. According to the GOE’s 2013 final report, citing Ugandan officials and
UN sources, in 2013 the ADF had an estimated strength of 1,200 to 1,500 armed fighters
located in north-east Beni Territory of North Kivu province, close to the border with Uganda.
These same sources estimate ADF’s total membership — including women and children —
to be between 1,600 and 2,500. Due to offensive military operations by the Congolese
Armed Forces (FARDC) and MONUSCO conducted in 2013 and 2014, ADF has dispersed
its fighters to numerous smaller bases, and moved women and children to areas west of
Beni, and along the Ituri-North Kivu border.
b) The ADF’s military commander is Hood
Lukwago and its supreme leader is the sanctioned individual Jamil Mukulu.
Modifications:
Listed on 12 Aug 2014

and updated the record for the following person:

SSID: 100-3217 Name: Mukulu Jamil

DOB: a) 1965 b) 1 Jan 1964 POB: Ntoke Village, Ntenjeru Sub County, Kayunga District,
Uganda
Good quality a.k.a.: a) Professor Musharaf b) Steven Alirabaki c) David
Kyagulanyi
d) Musezi Talengelanimiro e) Mzee Tutu f) Abdullah Junjuaka g) Alilabaki
Kyagulanyi
h) Hussein Muhammad i) Nicolas Luumu j) Talengelanimiro Nationality:
Uganda

Justification: According to open-source and official reporting, including the UNSC DRC
Sanctions Committee’s Group of Experts’ reports, Mr. Jamil Mukulu is the military leader of
the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a foreign armed group operating in the DRC that
impedes the disarmament and voluntary repatriation or resettlement of ADF combatants, as
described in paragraph 4 (b) of resolution 1857 (2008). The UNSC DRC Sanction
Committee’s Group of Experts has reported that Mukulu has provided leadership and
material support to the ADF, an armed group operating in the territory of the DRC. According
to multiple sources including the UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee’s Group of Experts’
reports, Jamil Mukulu has also continued to exercise influence over the policies, provided
financing, and maintained direct command and control over the activities of, ADF forces in
the field, including overseeing links with international terrorist networks.
Relation: Leader of
the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) (SSID 100-27961)
Other information: Title: Head of the
Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) Alt.Title: Commander, Allied Democratic Forces
Modifications: Amended on 8 May 2013, 12 Aug 2014

on its Consolidated List under the sanctions against the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Watchlist page will be updated later today.

Links:

FINMA Notice

Data files of updates – PDF, XML

 

Categories: DRC (Congo) Sanctions Sanctions Lists SECO Updates

eric9to5

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