On Thursday, President Obama issued a new Executive Order related to South Sudan. From the OFAC Notice:
The Executive Order does not target the country of South Sudan, but rather targets those responsible for the conflict there, which has been marked by widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peacekeepers, and the obstruction of humanitarian operations. This Executive Order allows the United States to impose sanctions against any individual or entity that threatens the peace, stability, or security of South Sudan; commits human rights abuses against persons in South Sudan; expands or extends the conflict in South Sudan or obstructs reconciliation or peace talks or processes; or undermines democratic processes or institutions in South Sudan.
The Executive Order spells out who may now be sanctioned:
(i) to be responsible for or complicit in, orto have engaged in, directly or indirectly, anyof the following in or in relation to SouthSudan:(A) actions or policies that threaten thepeace, security, or stability of South Sudan;(B) actions or policies that threatentransitional agreements or undermine democraticprocesses or institutions in South Sudan;(C) actions or policies that have thepurpose or effect of expanding or extendingthe conflict in South Sudan or obstructingreconciliation or peace talks or processes;(D) the commission of human rights abusesagainst persons in South Sudan;(E) the targeting of women, children, or anycivilians through the commission of acts ofviolence (including killing, maiming, torture,or rape or other sexual violence), abduction,forced displacement, or attacks on schools,hospitals, religious sites, or locations wherecivilians are seeking refuge, or through conductthat would constitute a serious abuse orviolation of human rights or a violation ofinternational humanitarian law;(F) the use or recruitment of children by armedgroups or armed forces in the context of theconflict in South Sudan;(G) the obstruction of the activities ofinternational peacekeeping, diplomatic, orhumanitarian missions in South Sudan, or of thedelivery or distribution of, or access to,humanitarian assistance; or(H) attacks against United Nations missions,international security presences, or otherpeacekeeping operations;(ii) to be a leader of (A) an entity, including anygovernment, rebel militia, or other group, that has,or whose members have, engaged in any of theactivities described in subsection (a)(i) of thissection or (B) an entity whose property and interestsin property are blocked pursuant to this order;(iii) to have materially assisted, sponsored, orprovided financial, material, logistical, ortechnological support for, or goods or services insupport of (A) any of the activities described insubsection (a)(i) of this section or (B) any personwhose property and interests in property are blockedpursuant to this order; or(iv) to be owned or controlled by, or to have actedor purported to act for or on behalf of, directly orindirectly, any person whose property and interests inproperty are blocked pursuant to this order.