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April 3, 2014: New South Sudan-related Executive Order

On Thursday, President Obama issued a new Executive Order related to South Sudan. From the OFAC Notice:

The Executive Order does not target the country of South Sudan, but rather targets those responsible for the conflict there, which has been marked by widespread violence and atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment and use of child soldiers, attacks on peacekeepers, and the obstruction of humanitarian operations. This Executive Order allows the United States to impose sanctions against any individual or entity that threatens the peace, stability, or security of South Sudan; commits human rights abuses against persons in South Sudan; expands or extends the conflict in South Sudan or obstructs reconciliation or peace talks or processes; or undermines democratic processes or institutions in South Sudan.

The Executive Order spells out who may now be sanctioned:

  (i)    to be responsible for or complicit in, or
          to have engaged in, directly or indirectly, any
          of the following in or in relation to South
          Sudan:
               (A)  actions or policies that threaten the
               peace, security, or stability of South Sudan;
               (B)  actions or policies that threaten
               transitional agreements or undermine democratic
               processes or institutions in South Sudan;
               (C)  actions or policies that have the
               purpose or effect of expanding or extending
               the conflict in South Sudan or obstructing
               reconciliation or peace talks or processes;
(D)  the commission of human rights abuses
against persons in South Sudan;
(E)  the targeting of women, children, or any
civilians through the commission of acts of
violence (including killing, maiming, torture,
or rape or other sexual violence), abduction,
forced displacement, or attacks on schools,
hospitals, religious sites, or locations where
civilians are seeking refuge, or through conduct
that would constitute a serious abuse or
violation of human rights or a violation of
international humanitarian law;
(F)  the use or recruitment of children by armed
groups or armed forces in the context of the
conflict in South Sudan;
(G)  the obstruction of the activities of
international peacekeeping, diplomatic, or
humanitarian missions in South Sudan, or of the
delivery or distribution of, or access to,
humanitarian assistance; or
(H)  attacks against United Nations missions,
international security presences, or other
peacekeeping operations;
          (ii) to be a leader of (A) an entity, including any
          government, rebel militia, or other group, that has,
          or whose members have, engaged in any of the
          activities described in subsection (a)(i) of this
          section or (B) an entity whose property and interests
          in property are blocked pursuant to this order;
          (iii)  to have materially assisted, sponsored, or
          provided financial, material, logistical, or
          technological support for, or goods or services in
          support of (A) any of the activities described in
          subsection (a)(i) of this section or (B) any person
          whose property and interests in property are blocked
          pursuant to this order; or
          (iv)   to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted
          or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or
          indirectly, any person whose property and interests in
          property are blocked pursuant to this order.

Links:

OFAC Notice

South Sudan-related Executive Order

 

Categories: OFAC Updates Sanctions Regulations South Sudan sanctions Sudan Sanctions

eric9to5

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