From the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills:
The EU has agreed to lift the arms embargo against Syria while retaining all other trade and financial sanctions. The UK has decided to impose national controls on the supply of certain equipment that might be used for internal repression and which was previously subject to EU-wide embargo. New UK legislation implementing these changes comes into force on 6 September 2013.
The EU has also agreed to lift all restrictive measures against Burma except the arms embargo and prohibitions on the supply of equipment which might be used for internal repression. Read the Notice to Exporters on these changes:
EU Syria sanctions, from the Notice to Exporters 2013/22:
5. The EU-wide trade sanctions that remain in place include prohibitions or restrictions on:
- trade with Syria in certain equipment which might be used for internal repression (note: there have been changes to the lists of items concerned), and the provision of related technical and financial assistance or brokering services
- technical and financial assistance, and brokering services, related to the goods and technology listed in the Common Military List of the European Union for any purchase, import or transport of such items if they originate in Syria, or are being exported from Syria to any other country
- trade in telecommunications monitoring equipment for use by the Syrian regime and key equipment and technology for the Syrian oil and gas industry
- trade in new Syrian-denominated bank notes and coinage
- trade in gold, precious metals and diamonds with the Central Bank of Syria
- import, purchase, transport and financial assistance of Syrian crude oil or petroleum products
- participation in certain infrastructure projects and investment in such projects.
6. Measures also remain in place regarding:
- freezing of funds and economic resources of listed persons and entities
- provision of certain financial services
- provision of certain transportation services.
7. See HM Treasury’s financial sanctions notice (24 July 2013) for more details of financial restrictions.
8. In lifting the arms embargo the Member States nevertheless committed to ensure through their national policies that the supply to Syria of arms and of certain equipment that might be used for internal repression would only be for the National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces and intended for the protection of civilians.
9. The supply of arms is already subject to export control but to fulfil this commitment in relation to equipment that might be used for internal repression it is necessary to introduce some additional national controls on the export and brokering of items that were previously subject to EU-wide measures.
UK Syria sanctions: The Export Control (Syria Sanctions) Order 2013:
- introduces new national prohibitions on the export, transfer or the provision of brokering services to Syria or Syrian persons in relation to certain equipment or technology which might be used for internal repression as listed in Schedule 2 to the Order
- removes Syria from the list of ‘embargoed destinations’ in Part 2 of Schedule 4 of the Export Control Order 2008. As a result stricter controls on trade (brokering) of military goods no longer apply where the destination is Syria
- provides for enforcement (offences, penalties and licensing provisions) of the EU-wide trade trade sanctions
- revokes and replaces previous domestic legislation relating to Syria.
EU Burma sanctions:
12. On 22 April 2013 the EU agreed to lift all restrictive measures against Burma except the arms embargo and prohibitions on the supply of equipment which might be used for internal repression.
13. The arms embargo includes prohibitions on the direct or indirect sale, supply, transfer or export of arms and related material and of equipment which might be used for internal repression, and the provision of brokering services and technical and financial assistance related to the sale, supply, etc, of those items to any person in, or for use in, Burma.
14. It is also prohibited to provide technical assistance or financing or financial assistance related to military activities to any person in, or for use in, Burma. Member States may authorise the supply of non-lethal equipment and related assistance for humanitarian or protective use, for institution building programmes or crisis management operations of the UN or the EU, or for demining operations.
15. As a result of the above, the Export Control (Burma Sanctions) Order 2013 (S.I 2013/1964) comes into force on 28 August 2013. The Order provides for enforcement (offences, penalties and licensing provisions) of those aspects of the arms embargo that are not covered by existing UK legislation. It revokes and replaces previous domestic legislation relating to Burma.
16. See also Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP and Council Regulation (EU) 401/2013.
Mr. Watchlist has a bit of a backlog on documenting sanctions regulations, but he'll get to the meat of some of these underlying orders and notices in the near future.